Introduction: The Rationale and Goals for Food Web Management in Lake Mendota

  • James F. Kitchell
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)


Lake Mendota is often identified as the “most studied” lake in the world (Brock 1985). Nevertheless, its unpredictable and undesirable behavior—as evidenced in irruptive blooms of noxious blue-green algae, explosive colonization by exotic species, and variable fish populations—continues to fascinate researchers, frustrate managers, and irritate the public. Among the least likely phrases heard in discussions of Lake Mendota is “This has been a typical year.”


Reservoir Management Aquatic Ecology Lake Community Good Theoretical Foundation Control Point Source 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brock TD (1985) A eutrophic lake: Lake Mendota, Wisconsin. Springer-Verlag, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brocksen RW, Davis GE, Warren CE (1970) Analysis of trophic processes on the basis of density-dependent functions. In Steele JH (ed) Marine food chains, Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, pp 468–498Google Scholar
  3. Brooks JL, Dodson SI (1965) Predation, body size, and the composition of plankton. Science 150:28–35PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carpenter SR (ed) (1988) Complex interactions in lake communities. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Carpenter SR, Frost TM, Kitchell JF, Kratz TK, Schindler DW, Shearer J, Sprules WG, Vanni MJ, Zimmerman AP (1991) Patterns of primary production and herbivory in 25 North American lake ecosystems. In Cole M, Findlay S, Lovett G (eds) Comparative analyses of ecosystems: Patterns, mechanisms, and theories, Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Carpenter SR, Kitchell JF (1988) Consumer control of lake productivity. BioScience 38:764–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carpenter SR, Kitchell JF (1992) Trophic cascade and biomanipulation: Interface of research and management. Limnol. Oceanogr. (in press)Google Scholar
  8. Carpenter SR, Kitchell JF, Hodgson JR (1985) Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience 35:634–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cooke GD, Welch EB, Peterson SA, Newroth PR (1986) Lake and reservoir management. Butterworths, BostonGoogle Scholar
  10. Cullen P (1990) The turbulent boundary between water science and water management. Freshwater Biol. 24:201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. DeMelo R, France R, McQueen DJ (1992) Biomanipulation: Hit or myth? Limnol. Oceanogr. (in press)Google Scholar
  12. Gulati RD, Lammens EHRR, Meijer M-L, van Donk E (eds) (1990) Biomanipulation—Tool for water management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  13. Hairston NG, Smith FE, Slobodkin LB (1960) Community structure, population control, and competition. Am. Nat. 94:421–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hrbacek J, Dvorakova M, Korinek V, Prochazkova L (1961) Demonstration of the effect of the fish stock on the species composition of zooplankton and the intensity of metabolism of the whole plankton association. Int. Ver. Theor. Angew. Limnol. Verh. 14:192–195Google Scholar
  15. Kerfoot WC, Sih A (eds) (1987) Predation: Direct and indirect impacts on aquatic communities. University Press of New England, Hanover, New HampshireGoogle Scholar
  16. Kitchell JF, Bartell SM, Carpenter SR, Hall DJ, McQueen DJ, Neill WE, Scavia D, Werner E (1988) Epistemology, experiments, and pragmatism. In Carpenter SR (ed) Complex interactions in lake communities, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp 263–280Google Scholar
  17. Likens GE (ed) (1985) An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Lubchenco J, Olson AM, Brubaker LB, Carpenter SR, Holland MM, Hubbell SP, Levin SA, MacMahon JA, Matson PA, Melillo JM, Mooney HA, Peterson CH, Pulliam HR, Real LA, Regal PJ, Risser PJ (1991) The sustainable biosphere initiative: An ecological research agenda for the nineties. Ecology 72:371–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McQueen DR (1990) Manipulating lake community structure: Where do we go from here? Freshwater Biol. 23:613–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Northcote TG (1988) The role of fish in the structure and function of freshwater ecosystems: A “top-down” view. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45:361–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oksanen L (1991) Trophic levels and trophic dynamics: A consensus emerging? Trends Ecol. Evol. 6:58–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Paine RT (1980) Food webs, linkage interaction strength, and community infrastructure. J. Anim. Ecol. 49:667–685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Persson L, Andersson G, Hamrin SF, Johansson L (1988) Predator regulation and primary production along the productivity gradient of temperate lake ecosystems. In Carpenter SR (ed) Complex interactions in lake communities, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp 45–68Google Scholar
  24. Schindler DW (1977) Evolution of phosphorus limitation in lakes. Science 195:260–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schindler DW (1981) Studies of eutrophication in lakes and their relevance to the estuarine environment. In Neilson BJ, Cronin LE (eds) Estuaries and nutrients, Humana, Clifton, New Jersey, pp 71–82Google Scholar
  26. Schindler DW (1987) Detecting ecosystem response to anthropogenic stress. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. (suppl.) 44:6–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shapiro J (1990) Biomanipulation: The next phase—making it stable. In Gulati RD, Lammens EHRR, Meijer M.-L., van Donk E (eds) Biomanipulation—Tool for water management, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Belgium, pp 13–27Google Scholar
  28. Shapiro J, Lamarra V, Lynch M (1975) Biomanipulation: An ecosystem approach to lake restoration. In Brezonik PL, Fox JL (eds) Proceedings of a symposium on water quality management through biological control, University of Florida, Gainesville, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  29. Walters C (1986) Adaptive management of renewable resources. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. Walters CJ, Holling CS (1991) Large-scale management experiments and learning by doing. Ecology 71:2060–2068CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • James F. Kitchell

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations