Bone Mineral Measurement and Biochemical Markers of Bone Cell Function

  • L. Joseph MeltonIII
  • Heinz W. Wahner
  • Pierre D. Delmas
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)


As noted in Chapter Seven, fractures result from the interplay of bone fragility and trauma, especially falls. Attempts to reduce the frequency and severity of falls are certainly warranted, particularly among elderly individuals at high risk of fracture by virtue of low bone mass. This issue is discussed elsewhere in this volume. As programs to prevent falls in the elderly are still of uncertain effectiveness, however, it is also important to maximize bone strength. Bone mineral measurements can be useful in such efforts. This chapter reviews the rationale for bone mineral measurements, the various technologies available for in vivo measurement, the alternatives to bone mineral measurement (epidemiologic risk factors and biochemical indicators), and current thinking about how these measurements might be used in patient care.


Bone Mineral Density Bone Mineral Bone Mass Fracture Risk Bone Turnover 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Joseph MeltonIII
  • Heinz W. Wahner
  • Pierre D. Delmas

There are no affiliations available

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