Conservation, Restoration, and Research Priorities for Mediterranean Uplands Threatened by Global Climate Change

  • Zev Naveh
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 117)

Abstract

There seems to be an almost general consensus among climatologists that global warming will occur as a result of rising levels of CO2 and other anthropogenic polyatomic gases. Atmospheric concentrations of these greenhouse gases expressed in CO2 equivalence have grown from 280 ppm in preindustrial times to 365 ppm now. At the same time, the mean global surface layer temperature has increased by about 0.5°C, and in this decade the six warmest years have been recorded. In addition, ice-core studies from Antarctica and Greenland showed that large natural fluctuations in CO2 and methane were highly correlated with temperature changes over the last 160,000 years. These trends of climate warming have been identified in a number of comprehensive reports by inter-national groups of prominent scientists as one of the most serious threats to the future of life on earth, e.g.. Bolin et al. (1986), WCED (1987), Schneider (1989), IPCC (1990), IGBP (1990), and Jaeger and Ferguson (1991). Most of these studies assumed that a doubling of C02 could occur until 2050 if no countermeasures are taken. They attempted to predict its impact on the global climatic pattern with the help of General Circulation Models (GCMs) and estimated that consequently the average global surface air temperature will increase by about 2–4°C. In the Northern Hemisphere the warming in higher latidutes is predicted to the about double that in low latitudes. These models also suggest a global increase in sea surface temperature and an increase in the average global rate of evaporation and precipitation.

Keywords

Entropy Methane Migration Europe Ozone 

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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1995

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  • Zev Naveh

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