The Importance of Plant-Bird Mutualisms in the Temperate Rainforest of Southern South America

  • Juan J. Armesto
  • Cecilia Smith-Ramírez
  • Carlos Sabag
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 116)


In the Neotropies, numerous nectar- and fruit-eating birds engage in loose mutualisms with plants that provide them with food (Feinsinger, 1983, 1987; Snow, 1981). While feeding on the fruit pulp or flower nectar, the birds act as seed dispersers or pollinators. These relationships contribute significantly to species diversity in many tropical forests (Gentry, 1982; Stiles, 1985).


Temperate Forest Seed Disperser Temperate Rainforest Hummingbird Species Temperate Rain Forest 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan J. Armesto
  • Cecilia Smith-Ramírez
  • Carlos Sabag

There are no affiliations available

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