PVR: An Overview

  • Carl Claes
  • H. MacKenzie Freeman
  • Felipe I. Tolentino


Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is the most common cause of failure of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery.1–5 PVR is used to describe a condition which was formerly called massive vitreous retraction (MVR),6–8 massive preretinal retraction (MPR),9 and massive preretinal proliferation (MPP).10 The new terminology, PVR, was introduced by the Retina Society to reflect the clinical findings based on ophthalmoscopic and biomicroscopic examination, and the pathologic changes based on histopathologic findings of cellular proliferation in the vitreous and retina.1 Although the term PVR seems appropriate, the classification system is incomplete because it did not include the anterior vitreoretinal changes and the subretinal pathology characterized by sub-retinal membranes.7,11–13


Retinal Detachment Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cell Posterior Vitreous Detachment Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl Claes
  • H. MacKenzie Freeman
  • Felipe I. Tolentino

There are no affiliations available

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