The filariases are vectorborne human parasitic diseases with a complex life cycle; they are caused by nematodes, which, in their mature stage, reside in the lymphatic system or in the connective tissue. Although the adult parasite itself may provoke impressive and chronic inflammatory reactions in tissues, it can live for years or decades continuously producing huge numbers of larvae. These larvae, called microfilariae, can themselves cause significant, debilitating, and long-term chronic pathology.
KeywordsMalaria Glaucoma Dermatitis Uveitis Mast
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ambroise-Thomas, P., and F. Peyron. 1986. Filariasis, p. 233–256. In K. W. Walls and P. M. Shantz (ed.), Immunodiagnosis of parasitic diseases, vol. 1. Academic Press, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
- Buck, A. A. 1973. Microfilariae in onchocerciasis in Africans. Z. Tropenmed. Parasitol. 24:336–338.Google Scholar
- Buck, A. A. (ed.). 1974. Onchocerciasis, symptomatology, pathology, and diagnosis, p. 9–14. World Health Organization, Geneva.Google Scholar
- Sasa, M. 1976. Human filariasis: a global survey of epidemiology and control. University Park Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
- Wartman, W. B., and B. G. King. 1947. Filariasis in American armed forces in WWII. Medicine (Baltimore) 26:334–394.Google Scholar
- W.H.O. Fourth Expert Committee on Lymphatic Filariasis. 1984. World Health Organization technical report series no. 702. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar