Prospects for Rapid Identification of Spiroplasmas in Plants and Animals
Mycoplasmas are cell wall-less prokaryotic organisms. Placed in the class Mollicutes (soft skinned), mycoplasmas represent a diverse collection of microbes (Tully and Razin, 1977). These organisms are unique in that they each are surrounded solely by a single biological membrane. A complete taxonomie scheme exists for mycoplasmas (Ghosh and Raychaudhuri, 1972). The plant pathogenic mycoplasmas primarily belong to the taxonomic family, Spiroplasmataceae (commonly called spiroplasmas) (Maramorosch, 1980). Members of the family Mycoplasmataceae are generally known for being etiologic agents of animal disease (e.g. Mycoplasma pneumoniae causes primary atypical pneumonia in man). Members of the family Acholeplasmataceae are generally considered saprophyted (e.g. Acholeplasma laidlawii). However, as shall be noted later, all 3 taxonomic families may have members capable of causing plant disease.
KeywordsPneumonia Polyacrylamide Fluore Microbe Alan
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anantha Padmanabha, H.S., S.P. Bisen and R. Nayar. 1973. Microplasma—Like Organisms in Histological Sections of Infected Sandal Spike (Santalum album L.). Experientia 29: 1571.Google Scholar
- Ghosh, S.K. and S.P. Raychandhuri 1972. Mycoplasmas: The New Chapter in Plant Pathology. Curr. Sei. 42: 235–241.Google Scholar
- Kumar, D., S.K. Ghosh, S.P. Raychandhuri, T.K. Nariani and A. Varma. 1975. Fluorescent Antibody Test for Detection of Citrus Greening Mycoplasma. Curr. Sei. 44: 170–171.Google Scholar
- Maramorosch, K. 1980. Spiroplasmas of Plants and Animals: An Overview. National Aca. of Sciences, India Golden Jubilee Comm. Vo: 43–62.Google Scholar
- Mouches, C, A. Menara, J.G. Tully and J.-M. Bove. 1982. Polyacrylamide Gel Analysis of Spiroplasmal Proteins and its Contribution to the Taxonomy of Spiroplasma. Rev. Infect. Dis. 45: 5141–5147.Google Scholar
- Tully, J.G. and S. Razin. 1977. The Mollicutes. In: CRC Handbook of Microbiology, A.J. Laskin, H. Lechevalier, eds. 2nd Vol I, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fl 405–459.Google Scholar