Nonverbal Cognitive Disturbances in Aphasia

  • Guido Gainotti
Part of the Springer Series in Neuropsychology book series (SSNEUROPSYCHOL)

Abstract

The relationship between verbal and nonverbal cognitive disorders of aphasic patients is a controversial and difficult problem: controversial in the relevance of the problems it, in turn, raises; difficult because empirical data obtained in aphasic patients do not lend themselves to clear and univocal interpretations. From the standpoint of theory, the study of nonverbal cognitive disturbances of aphasic patients could help to clarify (in well-controlled conditions) one of the questions that has arisen during centuries of sharp but inconclusive debates between phylosophers and psychologists; namely, the relationship between language and thought. From the practical standpoint, however, the authors who have approached the problem with either clinical or experimental procedures have often been surprised by the contrast between conclusions reached when considering aphasics as a whole, and those reached from a more analytic consideration of the data. When considered as a group, patients with aphasia generally show significant nonverbal cognitive impairment; however marked variability can be observed both between subjects and within subjects (i.e., the same patient can obtain poor results on certain nonverbal cognitive tasks, but perform satisfactorily on other ones).

Keywords

Stein Bark Sorting Weinstein Aphasia 

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  • Guido Gainotti

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