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Duplex Evaluation of Fetoplacental and Uteroplacental Circulation

  • Michael C. Hill
  • Ian M. Lande
  • John H. GrossmanIII

Abstract

Fetal growth depends on a steady supply of nutrients and oxygen from the mother, and a normal uteroplacental and fetoplacental circulation is necessary for this to occur. Until recently our knowledge of blood flow in these circulations was based on animal studies, measurements taken from human abortions by hysterotomy during early pregnancy, and by examination of the fetus and placenta immediately after delivery (1–5). The measurements obtained by invasive methods were not readily repeatable and did not represent the true state of physiologic affairs. In recent years, however, Doppler ultrasound has given us a noninvasive method of evaluating blood flow to the gravid uterus and fetus. In this chapter, we briefly describe the fetoplacental and uteroplacental circulation and the application of Doppler ultrasound to normal and complicated pregnancies.

Keywords

Uterine Artery Pulsatility Index Umbilical Artery Doppler Waveform Flow Velocity Waveform 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael C. Hill
  • Ian M. Lande
  • John H. GrossmanIII

There are no affiliations available

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