Laser Hemorrhoidectomy

  • M. Y. Sankar
Chapter

Abstract

Hemorrhoids have afflicted mankind since ancient times: there is a record of the disease on Egyptian papyrus1 and surgical treatment was reported in ancient Rome and Greece.2 The disease may be asymptomatic at times, often detected on routine rectal and proctoscopic examinations. The incidence of hemorrhoids increases with age and affects at least 50% of people over 50 years old. Hemorrhoids occur in males and females of all ages, although men are more commonly affected.

Keywords

Burning Quartz Phenol Rubber Anemia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Banov L: The Chester Beatty medical papyrus: The earliest known treatise completely devoted to anorectal diseases. Surgery 58: 1037–1043, 1965.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Parks AG: De Haemorrhoids. Guy’s Hosp Rep 104: 135, 1955.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Graham-Stewart CW: What causes hemorrhoids? A new theory of etiology. Dis Colon Rectum 6: 333, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shafik A: A new concept of the anatomy of the anal sphincter mechanism and the physiology of defecation, treatment of hemorrhoids: Report of a technique. Am J Surg 148: 393–398, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bennett RC, Friedman MHW, Goligher JC: The late results of hemorrhoidectomy by ligature and excision. Br Med J 2: 216, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lockhart-Mummery JP: Diseases of Rectum and Colon, 2nd ed. Bailliere, London, 1934.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Milligan ETC, Morgan C, Naunton Jones LE, Officer R: Surgical anatomy of anal canal and operative treatment of hemorrhoids. Lancet 2: 1119, 1937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Miles WE: Rectal Surgery. Cassell, London, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parks AG: Surgical treatment of haemorrhoids. Br J Surg 43: 337, 1956.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mitchell AB: A simple method of operating on piles. Br Med J 1: 482, 1903.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ferguson JA, Heaton JR: Closed hemorrhoidectomy. Dis Colon Rectum 2: 176, 1959.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Whitehead W: Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids. Br Med J 1: 149, 1882.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anderson HG: The after results of the operative treatment of hemorrhoids. Br J Med 2: 1276, 1909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Blaisdell PC: Prevention of massive hemorrhage secondary to hemorrhoidectomy. Surg Gynecol Obstet 106: 485, 1958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barron J: Office ligation of internal hemorrhoids. Am J Surg 105: 563, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lord PH: A new regime for treatment of hemorrhoids. Proc R Soc Med 61: 935, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lewis MI: Diverse methods of managing hemorrhoids: Cryohemorrhoidectomy. Dis Colon Rectum 10: 175, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lloyd-Williams K, Haq IU, Glem B: Cryodestruction of hemorrhoids. Br Med J 1: 666, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Leicester RJ, Nicholls RJ, Mann CV: Infrared coagulation in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Gut 22: 436, 1981.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Goldman L, Hornby P, Long E: Effect of the laser beam on the skin. Transmission of laser beams through fiberoptics. J Invest Dermatol 42: 231–234, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nath G, Gorish W, Kiefhaber P: First laser en doscopy with a fiberoptic transmission system. Endoscopy 5: 203–218, 1973.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Daikuzono N, Joffe SN: Artificial sapphire probe for contact photocoagulation and tissue vaporization with Nd:YAG laser. Med Instrum 19: 173–178, 1985.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Eddy HJ, Yu JC, Eddy EC: Dual laser hemorrhoidectomy. (Abstract). Lasers Surg Med 6: 201, 1986.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mokhniuk YN, Baltaitis YV, Maltsev VN, et al: Comparative evaluation of methods of treatment of patients with hemorrhoids. Clin Surg 2 (494): 14, 1983.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rausis C: Surgery of hemorrhoids by means of CO, laser (Chirurgie des hemorroides avec le laser CO,). Schweiz Rundschauc Med (Praxis) 71: 177–180, 1982.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Denis J, Lemarchand N: The present day treatment of hemorrhoids (Etat actuel due traitement des hemorrhoides). Rev Infirm 3: 49–51, 1985.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Riedlinger J: The surgical treatment of hemorrhoids by means of CO, laser. Laser Tokyo ‘81 23: 30–31, 1981.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zadeh AT: Three hundred and fifty hemorrhoidectomies using the CO, laser. Lasers Surg Med 5: 145, 1985.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Eddy HJ: Personal communication, 1986.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Dwyer R: The technique of gastrointestinal laser endoscopy. The Biomedical Laser. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981, pp 255–269.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Shude Z, Fengzao MA: Hemorrhoidectomy and fistulectomy with neodymium: YAG laser. Personal communication, 1986.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Watts JM, Bennett RC, Duthie HL, Goligher JC: Healing and pain after different forms of hemorrhoidectomy. Br J Surg 51: 88, 1966.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Goligher J: Haemorrhoids or piles. In Surgery of the Anus, Rectum and Colon, 5th ed. Bailliere Tindall, London, 1984, pp 123–125.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Y. Sankar

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations