Advertisement

Nutrition and Cancer Risk: Assessment and Preventive Program Strategies for Black Americans

  • Margaret K. Hargreaves
  • Osman I. Ahmed
  • Kofi A. Semenya
  • Lou Pearson
  • Neela Sheth
  • Robert E. Hardy
  • Louis J. Bernard
Chapter
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Life-style and environment may account for the development of 82% of all cancers (Weisburger 1979), and up to 70% of all cancer deaths may be attributed to diet and nutrition (Doll and Peto 1981). In addition, food choices as well as the type, quality, and mode of cooking may play an important role in the etiology of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine organs (Weisburger 1979). Though the specific role of diet and nutrition has not been elucidated, their importance in causing cancer is suggested by an increasing body of epidemiological and experimental evidence (Newell 1983; Kerr 1984; Hargreaves et al. 1989). Conceivably, therefore, individuals could decrease cancer risk by an improvement in diet and life-style (Newell 1983; Kerr 1984).

Keywords

Cancer Risk High Blood Pressure Health Fair Coalition Member Black Church 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Askey DK, Parker D, Alexander D, et al. Clergy as intermediary: An approach to cancer control. Prog Clin Biol Res 1980; 130:417–424.Google Scholar
  2. Axtell LM, Asire AJ, Myers MH: Cancer Patient’s Survival. Report No. 5. Washington, DC: US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1976.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey EJ: Sociocultural factors and health care-seeking behavior among black Americans. J Natl Med Assoc 1981; 79:388–392.Google Scholar
  4. Balducci L, Wallace C, Khansur K, et al: Nutrition, cancer, and aging: An annotated review. I. Diet, carcinogenesis, and aging. J Am Geriatr Soc 1986; 34:127–136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Baquet CR, Ringen K, Pollack ES, et al: Cancer Among Blacks and Other Minorities: Statistical Profiles. National Cancer Institute Publication No. 86–2785. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1986.Google Scholar
  6. Bice, TW, Eichorn RL, Fox PD: Socio-economic status and use of physician services: A reconsideration. Med Care 1972; 10:261–271.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Butler L, King G, White JE: Communications strategies, cancer information, and black populations: An analysis of longitudinal data. Prog Clin Biol Res 1983; 130:171–182.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Carr BI: Chemical carcinogens and inhibitors of carcinogenesis in the human diet. Cancer 1985; 55:218–224.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cavalaris CJ: Statewide organization for cancer control. Prog Clin Biol Res 1980; 57:173–175.Google Scholar
  10. Centers for Disease Control: Ten State Nutrition Survey 1968–70. Demographic Data. DHEW Publication No. (HSM) 72-8134. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1972.Google Scholar
  11. Colditz GA, Branch LG, Lipnick RJ, et al: Increased green and yellow vegetable intake and lowered cancer deaths in an elderly population. Am J Clin Nutr 1985; 41:32–36.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Colombo TJ, Saward E, Greenlick MR: The integration of an OEO health program into a prepaid comprehensive group practice plan. Am J Public Health 1963; 59:641–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Doll R, Peto R: The causes of cancer: Qualitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today. JNCI 1981; 66:1191–1308.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Eng E, Hatch J, Callan A: Institutionalizing social support through the church and community. Health Educ Q 1985; 12:81–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Engstrom PF: Cancer control through a network of community hospitals. Prog Clin Biol Res 1983; 130:67–81.Google Scholar
  16. EVAXX, Inc: A Study of Black Americans’ Attitudes towards Cancer and Cancer Tests. New York: American Cancer Society, 1980.Google Scholar
  17. Goering J, Coe R: Cultural versus situational explanations of the medical behavior of the poor. Social Science Journal 1970; 23:309–319.Google Scholar
  18. Goldin BR, Gorbach SL: Microbial factors and nutrition in carcinogenesis. Adv Nutr Res 1979; 2:129–148.Google Scholar
  19. Haines CM, Ward GW: Recent trends in public knowledge, attitudes, and reported behavior with respect to high blood pressure. Public Health Rep 1981; 96:514–522.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Hargreaves MK, Baquet C, Gamshadzahi A: Diet, nutritional status, and cancer risk in American blacks. Nutr Cancer 1989; 12:1–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hargreaves MK, Laitakari JK, Huff F, Rautaharju PM: Changing community health behaviors: A model for development and management. Health Values 1986; 10:34–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Hatch JW, Jackson C: North Carolina Baptist Church program. Urban Health 1981; 10:70–71.Google Scholar
  23. Hatch J, Lovelace KA: Involving the Southern rural church and students of the health professions in health education. Public Health Rep 1980; 95:23–25.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Hirayama T: Mortality in Japanese with life-styles similar to Seventh Day Adventists: Strategy for risk reduction. NCI Monogr 1985; 69:143–153.Google Scholar
  25. Hirayama T: Nutrition and cancer: A large scale cohort study. Prog Clin Biol Res 1986; 206:299–311.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Horm JW, Asire AJ: Change in lung cancer incidence and mortality rates among Americans: 1969–78. JNCI 1982; 69:833–837.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Horm JW, Kessler L: Falling rates of lung cancer in men in the United States. Lancet 1986; 1:425–426.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Janerich DT, Carlton K: Linking resources: Cancer centers and health departments. Prog Clin Biol Res 1983; 130:67–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Jensen TG, Englert DM, Dudrick ST: Nutritional Assessment: A Manual for Practitioners. Norwalk, CT: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1983.Google Scholar
  30. Kerr GR: Nutritional counseling for cancer prevention. Prog Clin Res 1984; 204:165–189.Google Scholar
  31. Khosha T, Lowe CR: Indices of obesity derived from body weight and height. Br J Prev Soc Med 1967; 21:122–128.Google Scholar
  32. Kong BW, Miller JM, Smoot RT: Churches as high blood pressure control centers. J Natl Med Assoc 1982; 74:920–923.Google Scholar
  33. Kuratsune M, Ikeda M, Hayashi T: Epidemiologic studies on possible health effects of pyrolysates of foods, with reference to mortality among Japanese Seventh Day Adventists. Environ Health Perspect 1986; 67:143–146.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lipid Research Clinics Program: Lipid research clinics coronary primary prevention trial results. II. The relationship of reduction in incidence of coronary heart disease to cholesterol lowering. JAMA 1984; 251:365–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Malhotra SL: Fecal urobilinogen levels and pH of stools in population groups with different incidence of cancer of the colon, and their possible role in its etiology. J R Soc Med 1982; 75:709–714.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Meister N: Cancer support groups: A community model. Prog Clin Biol Res 1981; 53:215–216.Google Scholar
  37. Montiero L: Expense is no object … income and physician visits reconsidered. J Health Soc Behav 1973; 14:99–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. National Center for Health Statistics: National Health Survey (HANES I) Caloric and Selected Nutrient Values for Persons 1–74 Years of Age: First Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. United States 1971–74. Series 11, No 209. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Publication No. (PHS) 79–1657. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1979.Google Scholar
  39. Newell G: Nutrition and diet. Cancer 1983; 51:2420–2425.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Neighbors HW, Jackson JS: Barriers to medical care among adult blacks: What happens to the uninsured? J Natl Med Assoc 1983; 79:489–493.Google Scholar
  41. Palmer S: Dietary considerations for risk reduction. Cancer 1986; 58:1949–1953.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Pariza MW: A perspective on diet, nutrition, and cancer. JAMA 1984; 251:1455–1458.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Perry EJ, Williams BJ: Memphis TN: The Memphis church-based high blood pressure program. Urban Health 1981; 10:70–71.Google Scholar
  44. Poirier LA: Stages in carcinogenesis: Alteration by diet. Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:185–191.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Reddy BS: Nutrition and colon cancer. Adv Nutr Res 1979; 2:199–218.Google Scholar
  46. Revicki DA, Israel RG: Relationship between body mass indices and measures of adiposity. Am J Public Health 1986; 76:992–994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ross CK: Factors influencing successful preventive health education. Health Educ Q 1981; 8:187–208.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Sciandra R: Effective communications in cancer control. Prog Clin Biol Res 1983; 121:109–112.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Thomas J, Thomas DJ: High blood pressure control in black Americans: A role for the church in control and prevention. AME Church Review 1985; 320:34–37.Google Scholar
  50. US Department of Health and Human Services: The Public and High Blood Pressure. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 73–356. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1973.Google Scholar
  51. US Department of Health and Human Services: The Public and High Blood Pressure: A Second Look. Six Years Follow-Up Survey of Public Knowledge and Reported Behavior. NIH Publication No. 81–2118. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1981.Google Scholar
  52. Vana J, Bedwani R, Mettlin C, et al: Trends in diagnosis and management of breast cancer in the US from the surveys of the American College of Surgeons. Cancer 1981; 48:1043–1052.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Warnecke RB: Intervention in black populations. Prog Clin Biol Res 1981; 53:167–183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Weisburger JH: Mechanism of action of diet as a carcinogen. Cancer 1979; 43:1987–1995.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Weisburger JH, Reddy BS, Cohen LA, et al: Mechanisms of promotion in carcinogenesis, in Hecker E et al. (eds): Carcinogenesis. New York: Raven Press, 1982, pp 175–182.Google Scholar
  56. Wilcox, FJ: The role of organization in cancer control. Prog Clin Biol Res 1983; 132A:25–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Young JL Jr, Gloeckler RL, Pollack ES: Cancer patient survival among ethnic groups in the US. JNCI 1984; 73:341–352.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret K. Hargreaves
  • Osman I. Ahmed
  • Kofi A. Semenya
  • Lou Pearson
  • Neela Sheth
  • Robert E. Hardy
  • Louis J. Bernard

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations