The Role of the National Cancer Institute
The National Cancer Institute (NCI), established under the National Cancer Act of 1937, is the federal government’s principal agency for cancer research and training. The National Cancer Act of 1971 directed the institute to “plan and develop an expanded, intensified, and coordinated cancer research program, encompassing the programs of NCI, related programs of other research Institutes, and other Federal and non-Federal programs.” To speed the translation of research results into widespread application, the Act authorized a cancer control program to demonstrate and communicate to both the medical community and the general public the latest advances in cancer prevention and treatment.
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