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Fungal Cell Wall Synthesis and Assembly

  • José Ruiz-Herrera
  • Rafael Sentandreu
Part of the Current Topics in Medical Mycology book series (CT MYCOLOGY, volume 3)

Abstract

The importance of cell walls must not be underestimated. Once considered to be a nonliving excretion of the cell, its importance for maintaining cell viability is now fully established. Cell walls are essential structures of most eukaryotic organisms and nearly all prokaryotes. As clearly stated by Bartnicki-Garcia (19), “Three of [the] five kingdoms [proposed by Whittaker] (Monera, Fungi and Plantae) are made almost entirely of walled organisms. And in a fourth one (Protista) cell walls are essential in some stage in the life cycle of a majority of the species. Clearly, in members and variety, the walled kingdoms dominate the biological world.” It is evident that during evolution the acquisition of a wall permitted the cells to survive in aqueous environments with dilute solute concentrations and to colonize media otherwise harmful for naked wall-less cells. Evolution of the cell wall to the impressive fabric of interwoven polysaccharide microfibrils that surround some eukaryotic organisms, including fungi, undoubtedly represented a breakthrough that permitted the appearance of large multicellular organisms, of which trees represent the epitome. The success of this cell wall is evidenced by its conservation and wide distribution in organisms of today.

Keywords

Fungal Cell Wall Yeast Cell Wall Chitin Synthesis Glucan Synthesis Outer Chain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Ruiz-Herrera
  • Rafael Sentandreu

There are no affiliations available

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