The American Context: Background and Current Regulations

  • Mary T. Phillips
  • Jeri A. Sechzer


In the United States, concerns about the use of animals for research have existed since the last part of the 19th century, but until 1985 the conduct of animal research here was virtually unaffected. Events that changed the course of research in this country can be traced in many ways to those in 19th century Britain, reviewed above. The strength of the animal protection movement today is not simply “a product of the expanded liberal sensibilities of the 1960s and 1970s [or]… a sudden rise in consciousness and activism,” but rather expresses the depth of its historical roots.1 During the second half of the 19th century, American social activists began to agitate on behalf of animals in an echo of earlier developments in England.


Animal Welfare Research Facility Public Health Service Humane Care American Context 
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    Plus ca change: Antivivisection then and now. Sci Tech Human Values 19,2:57 [AB].Google Scholar
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    Caplan AL (1983) Beastly Conduct: Ethical issues in animal experimentation. In: Sechzer JA (ed) The role of animals in biomedical research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 406. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences, pp 159–169 [AB].Google Scholar
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    National Research Council (1988) Use of laboratory animals in biomedical and behavior research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary T. Phillips
    • 1
  • Jeri A. Sechzer
    • 2
  1. 1.New YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry Edward W. Bourne Behavioral Research LaboratoryNew York Hospital-Cornell University Medical CenterWhite PlainsUSA

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