Miscellaneous Gastroduodenal Pathology

  • Heidrun Rotterdam
  • Horatio T. Enterline

Abstract

Foreign bodies in the stomach and duodenum can be categorized into three types: true foreign bodies (i.e., environmental objects that should normally never be in stomach or duodenum); bezoars, or foreign bodies composed of substances that normally pass through the gastrointestinal tract in small quantities; and bodies that are foreign to the stomach or duodenum, but not to the human body as such.

Keywords

Foam Aspirin Cocaine Warfarin Folic Acid 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Slovis CM: Massive foreign object ingestion. Ann Emerg Med 1982; 11: 433–435.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Devanesan J, Pisani A, Sharma P, et al: Metallic foreign bodies in the stomach. Arch Surg 1977; 112 (5): 664–665.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vizcarrondo FJ, Brady PG, Nord HJ: Foreign bodies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointest Endosc 1983; 29: 208–210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCaffery TD, Lilly JD: The management of foreign affairs of the GI tract. Dig Dis 1975; 20: 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Griffiths WJ, Bird PC, Zantout I, et al: Fiberoptic endoscopic retrieval of swallowed intragastric foreign objects. OSMA 1979; 72: 67–71.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eldridge WW: Foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract. JAMA 1961; 178: 665–667.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ertan A, Kedia SM, Agrawal NM, et al: Endoscopic removal of a toothbrush. Gastrointest Endosc 1983; 29: 144–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Govila CP: Accidental swallowing of an endodontic instrument. Oral Surg 1979; 48: 269–270.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Raff L J: Fatal ingestion of a radiolucent dental prosthesis. South Med J 1981; 74 (7): 900–901.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mack JW Jr: Swallowed endotracheal tube: A neonatal emergency. Case report. Milit Med 1981; 146 (5): 354–355.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Haney PJ, Gunadi IK, Arnold J, et al: Spontaneous penetration of an antireflux prosthesis into the stomach. Gastrointest Radiol 1983; 8: 303–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Solammadevi SV, Hundley RF: Removal of multiple foreign objects from the stomach. Gastrointest Endosc 1983; 29: 64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wiest JW, Follette DM, Traverso LW: Toothpick perforation of the duodenum. West J Med 1980; 132: 157–159.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pickard LR, Tepas JJ, Agarwal BL, et al: Duodenorenal fistula: An uncommon complication of an ingested foreign body. J Ped Surg 1980; 15: 337–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stahlgren LH, Clearfield HR: Trauma, bezoars, and other foreign bodies in the stomach. In: Berk E (ed). Bockus: Gastroenterology, 4th Ed, Vol 2. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1985: 1381–1388.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Menke JA, Stallworth RE, Binstadt DH, et al: Medication bezoar in a neonate. Am J Dis Child 1982; 136: 72–73.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rosenburg HK: Antacid bezoar in a premature infant. Clin Pediatr 1982; 8: 503–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Deslypere JP, Praet M, Verdonk G: An unusual case of the trichobezoar: The Rapunzel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol 1982; 77: 467–470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brown CH, Schneider RW: Large gastric bezoar; report of case treated medically. Cleve Clin Quart 1951; 18: 203–206.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Grant JA, Murray WR, Patel AR: Giant trichobezoaran unusual case. Scot Med J 1979; 24: 83–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Baudamant WW: Mémoire sur des cheveux trouvés dans l’estomac et dans les intestins grêles. L Med Chir Pharm 1779; 52: 507–514.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    DeBakey M, Ochsner A: Bezoars and concretions. Surgery 1938; 4: 934–963.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    DeBakey M, Ochsner A: Bezoars and concretions. Surgery 1939; 4: 132–160.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kadian RS, Rose JF, Mann NS: Gastric bezoars–spontaneous resolution. Am J Gastroenterol 1978; 80: 70–80.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Goldstein HM, Cohen LE, Hagen HO, et al: Gastric bezoars: A frequent complication in the postoperative ulcer patient. Radiology 1973; 107: 341–344.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rider JR, Foresti-Lorenti RF, Garrido J, et al: Gastric bezoars: Treatment and prevention. Am J Gastroenterol 1984; 79: 357–359.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Trent WN Jr: Phytobezoar formation: A new complication of cimetadin therapy. Ann Intern Med 1981; 95: 70.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lameron AJ: Trichobezoar: Two case reports—a new physical sign. Am J Gastroenterol 1984; 79: 354–356.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Madura MJ, Naughton, Craig RM: Duodenal bezoar: A case report and review of the literature. Gastrointest Endosc 1982; 28: 26–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital; Case 22–1978. N Engl J Med 1978; 291: 1301–1308.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kommerell B: Klinik und Therapie der Gallenerkrankungen. Boecker IV: Gallenblase–Pankreas. Stuttgart: Thieme, 1975.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Peters H, Schubert HJ: Gallensteinileus. Münch Med Wschr 1976; 118: 1521–1524.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Bedogni G, Contini S, Meinero M, et al: Pyloroduodenal obstruction due to a biliary stone (Bouveret’s syndrome) managed by endoscopic extraction. Gastrointest Endosc 1985; 31: 36–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Weingart J, Wilhelm A, Ottenjann R: Obstruction of the duodenal bulb caused by gallstone perforation. Endoscopy 1979; 3: 190–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Nakagawa S, Kobori M, Sato K: A report of 57 cases of amyloidosis in Japan. J Jpn Soc Intern Med 1966; 54: 59–68.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Symmers WSC: Primary amyloidosis, a review. J Clin Pathol 1956; 9: 187–211.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Dahlin DC: Secondary amyloidosis. Ann Intern Med 1949; 31: 105–119.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ohno F, Numata Y, Yamano T, et al: Gastroscopic biopsy of the stomach for the diagnosis of amyloidosis. Gastroenterologia Jpn 1982; 17: 415–421.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Coughlin GP, Reiner RG, Grant AK: Endoscopic diagnosis of amyloidosis. Gastrointest Endosc 1980; 26: 154–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Makishita H, Manome T, Tsukada N, et al: Biopsy and study of gastric mucosa in familial amyloid polyneuropathy–with special reference to diagnosis. Clin Neurol 1981; 21: 201–208.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Steen LE, Oberg L: Familial amyloidosis with polyneuropathy: Roentgenological and gastroscopic appearance of gastrointestinal involvement. Am J Gastroenterol 1983; 78: 417–420.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Yamada M, Hatakeyama S, Tsukagoshi H: Gastrointestinal amyloid deposition in AL (primary or myeloma–associated) and AA (secondary) amyloidosis: Diagnositic value of gastric biopsy. Hum Pathol 1985; 16: 1206–1211.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Balazs M: Amyloidosis of the stomach. Report of a case with ultrastructure. Virchows Arch (Pathol Anat) 1981; 391: 227–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Dastur KJ, Ward JF: Amyloidoma of the stomach. Gastrointest Radiol 1980; 5: 17–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Giarelli L, Melato M, Manconi R, et al: Amiloidosi isolata dello stomaco: Carratteristiche istochimiche e suo inquadramento. Pathologica 1980; 72: 113–118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Levenson OS: Isolated tumor–like amyloidosis of the stomach. Arkh Patol 1979; 41 (9): 50–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Rutgeerts P, Hendrickx H, Geboes K, et al: Involvement of the upper digestive tract by systemic neurofibromatosis. Gastrointest Endosc 1981; 27: 22–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Cowen ML, Humphries TJ: Pseudomelanosis of the duodenum. Gastrointest Endosc 1980; 26: 107–108.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Bisordi WM, Kleinman MS: Melanosis duodeni. Gastrointest Endosc 1976; 23: 37–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Yamase H, Norris M, Gillies C: Pseudomelanosis duodeni: A clinicopathologic entity. Gastrointest Endosc 1985; 31: 83–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Pounder DJ: The pigment of duodenal melanosis is ferrous sulfide. Gastrointest Endosc 1983; 29: 257.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Sharp JR, Insalaco SJ, Johnson LF: “Melanosis” of the duodenum associated with a gastric ulcer and folic acid deficiency. Gastroenterology 1980; 78: 366–369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Steckman M, Bozymski EM: Hemosiderosis of the duodenum. Gastrointest Endosc 1983; 29: 326–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Conte P, Velio P, Brunelli L, et al: Stainable iron in gastric and duodenal mucosa of primary hemochromatosis patients and alcoholics. Am J Gastroenterol 1987; 82: 237–238.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Bauman MB, DiMase JD, Oski F, et al: Brown bowel and skeletal myopathy associated with Vitamin E depletion in pancreatic insufficiency. Gastroenterology 1968; 54: 93–100.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Ou Tim L, Hurwitz S, Tuch P: The endoscopic diagnosis of gastric calcification. J Clin Gastroenterol 1982; 4: 213–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Conger JD, Hammond WS, Alfrey AC, et al: Pulmonary calcification in chronic dialysis patients. Ann Intern Med 1975; 83: 330–336.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kuzela DC, Huffer WE, Conger JD, et al: Soft tissue calcification in chronic dialysis patients. Am J Pathol 1977; 86: 403–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Franzin G, Musola R, Mencarelli R: Changes in the mucosa of the stomach and duodenum during immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplantation. Histopathology 1982; 6: 439–449.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Valdez VA, Jacobstein JG, Permutter S, et al: Metastatic calcification in the lung and stomach demonstrated on bone scan in multiple myeloma. Clin Nucl Med 1979; 4: 120121.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Feyrter F: Herdformige Lipoidablagerungen in der Schleimhaut des Magens. Virchows Arch (Pathol Anat) 1929; 273: 736–741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Mizuoka S: Clinical and endoscopic studies on xanthomatosis of the stomach. Bull Osaka Med Soc 1969; 15: 46–60.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Kimura K, Hiramoto T, Buncher CR: Gastric xanthelasma. Arch Pathol 1969; 87: 110–117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Terruzzi V, Minoli G, Butti G, et al: Gastric lipid islands in the gastric stump and in nonoperated stomach. Endoscopy 1980; 12: 58–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Domellof L, Eriksson S, Helander HF, et al: Lipid islands in the gastric mucosa after resection for benign ulcer disease. Gastroenterology 1977; 73: 462–468.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Drude RB, Balart LA, Herrington JP, et al: Gastric xanthoma: Histologic similarity to signet ring cell carinoma. J Clin Gastroenterol 1982; 4: 217–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Kunze KC, Baum RA, Nasrallah SM: Gastric xanthoma. Gastrointest Endosc 1987; 33: 114–115.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Rubin W, Ross LL, Jeffries GH, et al: Some physiologic properties of the heterotopic intestinal epithelium. Its role in transporting lipid into the gastric mucosa. Lab Invest 1967; 16: 813–827.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Kussin SZ, Henry C, Navarro C, et al: Gas within the wall of the stomach. Report of a case and review of the literature. Dig Dis Sei 1982; 27: 949–954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kowal LE, Glick SN, Teplick SK: Gastric emphysema resembling pneumoperitoneum: Presentation of a case with a review of the literature. Am J Gastroenterol 1982; 77: 667–670.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Clearfield HR, Stahlgren LH: Acute dilatation, volvulus, and torsion of the stomach. In: Berk E (ed). Bockus: Gastroenterology, 4th Ed, Vol 2. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1985: 1381–1388.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Graham WD: Spontaneous rupture of the stomach in the adult. J Roy Coll Surg Edinburgh 1982; 27: 368–369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Saul SH, Dekker A, Watson CG: Acute gastric dilatation with infarction and perforation. Report of fatal outcome in patient with anorexia nervosa. Gut 1981; 22: 978–983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Merrill JR: Gastric necrosis and perforation after fundoplication. South Med J 1981; 74: 1543–1545.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Starr KW: Acute postoperative dilatation of the stomach. Ann Roy Coll Surg 1953; 12: 71–76.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kerstein MD, Goldberg B, Panter B, et al: Gastric infarction. Gastroenterology 1974; 67: 1238–1239.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Tortorelli AF, Crowley JR: Spontaneous rupture of the stomach: Report of a case. J Oral Surg 1981; 39: 609–612.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Haas PA, Akhtar J, Kobylak L: Compression of the duodenum by the root of mesentery. Henry Ford Hosp Med J 1982; 30: 85–89.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    von Rokitansky C: Lehrbuch der Pathologischen Anatomie, 1st Ed. Vienna: Braumüller, 1861: 187.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Wilkie DPO: Chronic duodenal ileus. Br J Surg 1921; 9: 204–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Lundell L, Thulin A: Wilkie’s syndrome—a rarity? Br J Surg 1980; 67: 604–606.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Sapkas G, O’Brien JP: Vascular compression of the duodenum (cast syndrome) associated with the treatment of spinal deformities. Arch Orthop Traumat Surg 1981; 98: 7–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Rosser SB, Clark CH, Elechi EN: Spontaneous neonatal gastric perforation. J Ped Surg 1982; 17: 390–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Holgersen LO: The etiology of spontaneous gastric perforation of the newborn: A reevaluation. J Ped Surg 1981; 16: 508–613.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Herbut PA: Congenital defect in the musculature of the stomach with rupture in a newborn. Arch Pathol 1943; 36: 91–94.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Gapp GA, James AC, Iwen GW, et al: Postemetic rupture of herniated cardia of the stomach. JAMA 1982; 247: 811.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Gallivan G J: Postemetic rupture of herniated cardia of the stomach. JAMA 1982; 247: 3186–3187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Mills SA, Paulson D, Scott SM, et al: Tension pneumoperitoneum and gastric rupture following cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Ann Emerg Med 1983; 12: 94–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Flint LM, McCoy M, Richardson JD, et al; Duodenal injury. Analysis of common misconceptions in diagnosis and treatment. Ann Surg 1981; 19: 697–701.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Yajko RD, Seydel F, Trimble C: Rupture of the stomach from a blunt abdominal trauma. J Trauma 1975; 15: 177–183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Richardson G, Schiller WR, Shuck J: Gastric rupture from blunt trauma. Rocky Mt Med J 1979; 76: 309–310.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Semel L, Frittelli G: Gastric rupture from blunt abdominal trauma. NY State J Med 1981; 81: 938–939.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Ghahremani GG, Turner MN, Port RB: Iatrogenic intubation injuries of the upper gastrointestinal tract in adults. Gastrointest Radiol 1980; 5: 1–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Cramer FS, Heimbach RD: Stomach rupture as a result of gastrointestinal barotrauma in a scuba diver. J Trauma 1982; 22: 238–240.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Lloyd RG: Delayed rupture of stomach after blunt abdominal trauma. Br Med J 1982; 285: 176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Melato M, Falconier G, Manconi R, Bucconi S: Intramural hematoma and hemoperitoneum occurring in a patient affected by idiopathic myelofibrosis. Hum Pathol 1980; 11: 301–302.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Vellacott KD: Intramural haematoma of the duodenum. Br J Surg 1980; 67: 36–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Moore SN, Erlandson ME: Intramural haematoma of the duodenum. Ann Surg 1963; 157: 798–809.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Patel R, Shaps J: Intramural duodenal hematoma—a complication of ERCP. Gastrointest Endosc 1982; 28: 218–219.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Proctor HJ, Peacock JB: Pancreatic and duodenal injuries: Morbidity and mortality of surgical management. South Med J 1979; 72: 1535–1536.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Oglesby JE, Smith DE, Mahoney WD, et al: Complete duodenal transection in blunt trauma. Am J Surg 1968; 116: 914–916.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Snyder WH, Weigelt JA, Watkins WL, et al: The surgical management of duodenal trauma. Arch Surg 1980; 115: 422–429.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Gifford RR Sr, Hymes AC: Duodenal rupture after blunt abdominal trauma. Minn Med 1980; 63: 83–85.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Ryabov SI, Ryss ES, Prochukanov RA, et al: Present-day concepts on gastric pathology on patients with chronic renal failure. Int Urol Nephrol 1980; 12: 189–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Zukerman GR, Mills DBA, Koehler RE, et al: Nodular duodenitis. Pathologic and clinical characteristics in patients with end-stage renal disease. Dig Dis Sci 1983; 28: 1018 1023.Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Mangla JC, Pereira M, Bhargava A: Nodular duodenitis in chronic maintenance hemodialysis patients. Gastrointest Endosc 1985; 31: 318–323.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Goldstein DA, Horowitz RE, Petit S, et al: The duodenal mucosa in patients with renal failure: Response to l,25(OH)2D3. Kidney Int 1981; 19: 324–331.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Rock E, Malmud L, Fisher RS: Motor disorders of the stomach. Med Clin North Am 1981; 65: 1269–1284.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Gramm HF, Renter K, Costello P: The radiologic manifestations of diabetic gastric neuropathy and its differential diagnosis. Gastrointest Radiol 1978; 3: 151–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Muls EE, Lamberigts GF: Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus due to gastroparesis diabeticorum: Treatment with metoclopramide. Postgrad Med J 1981; 57: 185–188.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Oliveira RB, Troncon LEA, Meneghelli UG, et al: Impaired gastric accommodation to distension and rapid gastric emptying in patients with Chagas’ disease. Dig Dis Sci 1980; 25: 790–794.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Mulshine P, Calabrese L, Krakauer RS: Polyarteritis nodosa diagnosed by endoscopic polypectomy. Arthritis Rheum 1980; 23: 257258.Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Duray PH, Marcal JM, LiVolsi V, et al: Gastrointestinal angiodysplasia: A possible component of von Willebrand’s disease. Hum Pathol 1984; 15: 539–544.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Padke JG: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome with surgical repair of eventration of diaphragm and torsion of stomach. J Roy Soc Med 1979; 72: 781–783.Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Sato A, Spicer SS: An ultrastructural and cytochemical investigation of the development of inclusions in gastric chief cells and parietal cells of mice with the Chediak-Higashi syndrome. Lab Invest 1981; 44: 288–295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Davis GB, Berk RN: Intestinal neurofibromas in von Recklinghausen’s disease. Am J Gastroenterol 1973; 60: 410–414.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Hoare AM, Elkington SG: Gastric lesions in generalized neurofibromatosis. Br J Surg 1976; 63: 499–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Schaldenbrand JD, Appelman HD: Solitary solid stromal gastrointestinal tumors in von Recklinghausen’s disease with minimal smooth muscle differentiation. Hum Pathol 1984; 15: 229–232.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Behget H: Über rezidivierende, aphtöse, durch Virus verursachte Geschwüre am Mund, am Auge, und den Genitalien. Der–matol Wochenschr 1937; 105: 1152–1157.Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Satake K, Yada K, Ikehara T, et al: Pyloric stenosis: An unusual complication of Behcet’s disease. Am J Gastroenterol 1986; 81: 816–818.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Kasahara Y, Tanaka S, Nishino M, et al: Intestinal involvement in Behcet’s disease: Review of 136 surgical cases in the Japanese literature. Dis Colon Rectum 1981; 24: 103–106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Holdstock G, Eade OE, Isaacson P, et al: Endoscopic duodenal biopsies in coeliac disease and duodenitis. Scand J Gastroenterol 1979; 14: 717–720.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Sjölund K, Alumets J, Berg N-O, et al: Enteropathy of coeliac disease in adults: Increased number of enterochromaffin cells in the duodenal mucosa. Gut 1982; 23: 42–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Sjölund K, Alumets J, Berg N-O, et al: Duodenal endocrine cells in adult coeliac disease. Gut 1979; 20: 547–552.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Gillberg R, Rastrup W, Mobacken H, et al: Endoscopic duodenal biopsy compared with biopsy with the Watson capsule from the upper jejunum in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis. Scand J Gastroenterol 1982; 17: 305–308.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Piubello W, Vantini I, Scuro LA, et al: Gastrie secretion, gastroduodenal histological changes, and serum gastrin in chronic alcoholic pancreatitis. Am J Gastroenterol 1982; 77: 105–110.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Kozarek RA, Sanowski RA: Duodenal and common bile duct obstruction in pancreatitis simulating carcinoma. J Clin Gastroenterol 1981; 3: 53–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Bradley EL, Clements JL: Idiopathic duodenal obstruction. An unappreciated complication of pancreatitis. Ann Surg 1981; 193: 638–648.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Makrauer FL, Antonioli DA, Banks PA: Duodenal stenosis in chronic pancreatitis. Dig Dis Sci 1982; 27: 525–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Violon D, Potvliege R: Retroperitoneal fibrosis involving the duodenum. Fortschr Rontgenstr 1981; 134: 93–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Siegel GJ, Hall JM, Welling RE: Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis with functional duodenal obstruction. South Med J 1980; 73: 946–948.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Bjorgsvik D, Baardsen A: Umbilical hernia with duodenal obstruction. Acta Chir Scand 1981; 147: 295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Brand EJ, Sivak MV, Sullivan BH: Aortoduodenal fistula. Endoscopic diagnosis. Dig Dis Sci 1979; 24: 940–944.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Champion MC, Sullivan SN, Watson WC: Aortoduodenal fistula: Endoscopic diagnosis. Dig Dis Sci 1980; 25: 811.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Wexler RM, Falchuk KR, Horst DA, et al: Duodenal erosion of a mesocaval graft: An unusual complication of mesocaval shunt interposition surgery. Gastroenterology 1980; 79: 729–730.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Osborne DR, Hobbs KEF: Dacron graft erosion of the duodenum: A complication of interposition mesocaval shunt operations. Br J Surg 1981; 68: 483–484.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Ansel HJ, Wasserman NF: Postsplenectomy gastric deformity. Am J Radiol 1982; 139: 99–101.Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Lewis JH: Gastrointestinal injury due to medicinal agents. Am J Gastroenterol 1986; 81: 819–833.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Kumar GK, Razzaque MA, Naiou VG, et al: Gastrocolic fistula in benign peptic ulcer disease. Ann Surg 1976; 18: 236–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Faurel JP, Delas N, Saigot T, et al: Fistule gastrocolique secondaire a un ulcere medicamenteux. Med Chir Dig 1981; 10: 621–622.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Barkin JS, Harary AM, Shamblen CE, et al: Potassium chloride and gastrointestinal injury. Ann Intern Med 1983; 98: 261–262.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Okada M, Fuchigami T, Iida M, et al: Adrenocorticosteroid therapy and gastroduodenal lesions. Gastrointest Endosc 1985; 31: 188–190.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Petras RE, Hart WR, Bukowski RM: Gastric epithelial atypia with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy. Its distinction from early gastric carcinoma. Cancer 1985; 56: 745–750.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Jewell LD, Fields AL, Murray CJW, et al: Erosive gastroduodenitis with marked epithelial atypia after hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy. Am J Gastroenterol 1985; 80: 421–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Lubitz L, Ekert H: Reversible changes in duodenal mucosa associated with intensive chemotherapy followed by autologous marrow rescue. Lancet 1979; 2: 532–533.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Shapiro N, Brandt L, Sprayregan S, et al: Duodenal infarction after therapeutic gelfoam embolization of a bleeding duodenal ulcer. Gastroenterology 1981; 80: 176–180.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Roswit B, Malsky SJ, Reid CB: Severe radiation injuries of the stomach, small intestine, colon, and rectum. Am J Roentgenol Radiol Ther Nucl Med 1972; 114: 460–475.Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Warren S, Friedman NB: Pathology and pathologic diagnosis of radiation lesions in the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Pathol 1942; 18: 499–507.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heidrun Rotterdam
    • 1
  • Horatio T. Enterline
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity Hospital, New York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania Medical SchoolPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations