Personal Growth Within Life Activities

  • Robert L. Schalock
  • William E. Kiernan
Part of the Disorders of Human Learning, Behavior, and Communication book series (HUMAN LEARNING)


The current influences on human services include a strong movement toward recognition of choice, empowerment, and personal growth of individuals served by habilitation programs. Choice plays an extremely important role in personal growth. The process of a person’s growth is a never-ending series of choice situations in which one must choose between security and risk taking, dependence and independence, regression and progression, and immaturity and maturity.


Life Activity Personal Growth Physical Movement Instructional Technique Critical Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Additional Readings

Habilitation Strategies

  1. Bacon-Prue, A., & Crimmins, D.B. (1989). New developments in instructional technology. In W.E. Kiernan & R.L. Schalock (Eds.). Economics, industry and the disabled: A look ahead (pp. 93–104 ). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publ. Co.Google Scholar
  2. Gaylord-Ross, R., Stremel-Campbell, K., & Storey, K. (1986). Social skills training in natural contexts. In R.H. Homer, L.H. Meyer, & H.D. Bud Fredericks (Eds.). Education of learners with severe handicaps: Exemplary service strategies. (pp. 90–105 ). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publ. Co.Google Scholar
  3. LaVegna, G.W., & Donnellan, A.M. (1986). Alternatives to punishment: Solving behavior problems with non-aversive strategies. New York: Irvington Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  4. O’Brien, J. (1987). A guide to life-style planning: Using The activities catalog to integrate services and natural support systems. In B. Wilcox & G.T. Bellamy (Eds.). A comprehensive guide to the activities catalog. (pp. 175–189 ). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publ. Co.Google Scholar
  5. Snell, M.E. (Ed.) (1987). Systematic instruction for persons with severe handicaps, 3rd ed. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  6. Sundel, M., & Sundel, S.S. (1975). Behavior modification in the human services. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar

Environmental Modification

  1. J.R. Cary How to create interiors for the disabled: A guidebook for families & friends. (1978). New York: Panethon Books.Google Scholar
  2. Department of Vocational Rehabilitation, State of California. Getting there: A guide to accesibility for your facility. Berkeley. Center for Planning and Development Research.Google Scholar
  3. Dowden, P., Hutchinson, R. & Ross, B. Barrier free environments. (1977). Stroudsburg, PA: M.J. Bednar.Google Scholar
  4. Harkness, S.P. & Groom, N., Jr. (1976). Building without barriers for the disabled. New York: Whitney Library of Design, Watson-Guptill Publications.Google Scholar
  5. Lifchez, R. & Winslow, B. Design for independent living: The environment and physically disabled people. (1979). Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. National center for a barrier free environment: New dimension in accessibility. (1980). Washington, D.C. National Center for a Barrier Free Environment.Google Scholar
  7. Ostroff, E. (1978). Humanizing environments. Cambridge, MA: Word Guild.Google Scholar
  8. Rashko, B.B. (1981). Housing interiors for the disabled and elderly. New York: Van Nostrand Rheinhold.Google Scholar
  9. Veterans Administration. Handbook for design: Specially adapted housing. (1977). Washington, DC: Architectual and Transporation Barriers Compliance Board.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Schalock
    • 1
  • William E. Kiernan
    • 2
  1. 1.Mid-Nebraska Mental Retardation ServicesHastings CollegeHastingsUSA
  2. 2.Training and Research Institute for Adults with DisabilitiesBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA

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