An Overview of the Theory of the Near-Zone Doppler Effect

  • Nader Engheta


It is well known that when an observer in free space is in motion relative to a source of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation, the frequency of radiation as seen by the observer will be higher than that of the source (blue shift) as the source and observer approach each other and will be lower (red shift) as they get farther apart. This effect is known as the “Doppler effect” and was introduced by Christian Doppler in 1843 [1], [2].


Phase Velocity Blue Shift Doppler Effect Equatorial Plane Field Component 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nader Engheta
    • 1
  1. 1.The Moore School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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