Hazards of Biological Agents
Historically, safety in the biomedical research laboratory during the past 50 years or so was limited to the areas of chemical, fire, radiation, and industrial safety. Only recently has biological safety become an issue for many academic and industrial organizations. Extensive media coverage of public concerns about research involving “genetic engineering” has resulted in much public attention being given to these new research techniques. The need to address these concerns led many academic and industrial organizations to adopt biological safety programs that included not only genetic engineering research but also the whole range of biomedical research. Some of these special programs have survived, albeit in somewhat altered form, despite well-defined government guidelines for research in molecular genetics. A heightened awareness of biosafety matters in general has been the major result of all this public scrutiny, and as a result of this, biological safety programs have become firmly established in most major organizations. In this chapter we will discuss some of the major biosafety concerns, such as hazard identification, risk assessment, containment practices, and hazard management.
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Etiological Agent Oncogenic Virus Scrub Typhus Biosafety Level
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