Disasters always have plagued human settlements--be they floods, droughts, insect manifestations, or armed conflicts. As with other aspects of culture, centuries of experience, molded by religious and philosophical perspectives, are reflected in the coping strategies people selectively use to mitigate or respond to disaster. Reflecting varied political systems and cultural assumptions regarding human-environmental relationships, disaster policies vary widely today. When the planet is used as the referent, this variation is profound (Burton et al., 1978). Explicit recognition of such variabilities in both policy and its determinates sets the context for this analysis (Kasperson and Pijawka, 1985).
KeywordsLocal Government Emergency Management Federal Emergency Management Agency Disaster Policy Shared Governance
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