Biogeochemical Cycles and Ecological Hierarchies

  • R. G. Woodmansee


Biogeochemical cycling (also called nutrient cycling and elemental cycling) refers to the generally accepted concept in ecology that essential elements are transformed, transported, and reused by organisms in the environment. However, many problems beset investigations of biogeochemistry. Among the problems are technological and methodological limitations, lack of uniform theory that can guide understanding, an inherent complexity of nature, and spatial and meteorological variability. The first two problems are amenable to solution, but the latter two have causes beyond experimenter control and commonly are approached through modeling or correlative studies.


Acid Rain Biogeochemical Cycle Soil Survey Staff Lowland Site Site Cluster 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

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  • R. G. Woodmansee

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