Explaining Children’s Problem-Solving: Current Trends
Problem-solving has been the task domain where the information processing approach took its home ground in psychology. Naturally, the same holds for the study of cognitive development. Along with memory, this task domain has served for discussions of the various models of growth in cognitive performance. A decade ago, basic architectural limits of the processing system like short-term memory capacity were challenged by the emerging view that domain-specific knowledge could account for some of the salient results as well. Strategies were not in the foreground as much, and the still young concept of metacognition played a rather modest role. When many of us met four years ago at the first Max Planck symposium of that kind, the emphasis had changed. Architectural, or “hardware” constrains had more or less vanished from the discussion and given way to a more extensive treatment of knowledge and, most of all, strategies and metacognition.
KeywordsCognitive Style Knowledge Organization Strategy Choice Cognitive Complexity Task Domain
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ceci, S. J., & Liker, J. K. (1986). A day at the races: A study of IQ, expertise, and cognitive complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 115, 255–266.Google Scholar
- Chi, M. T. H., Glaser, R., & Rees, E. (1982). Expertise in problem solving. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence Vol. I (pp. 7–75). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Rumelhart, D. E., McClelland, J. L., & PDP Research Group (Eds.) (1986). Parallel distributed processing. Explorations in the microstructure of cognition (2 vols.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Streufert, S., & Streufert, S. C. (1978). Behavior in the complex environment. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Strube, G. (1984). Assoziation. Der Prozess des Erinnerns und die Struktur des Gedächtnisses. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar