Water and Electrolyte Disturbances

  • Valentina Kon
  • Iekuni Ichikawa


Disturbances in plasma sodium (Na) and potassium (K) concentrations are frequent complications of disease states that afflict the pediatric population. This chapter will first categorize and describe Na disorders and then conditions that affect the extracellular concentration of K (1–9).


Glomerular Filtration Rate Diabetes Insipidus Plasma Osmolality Urine Osmolality Renal Tubular Acidosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Kon
  • Iekuni Ichikawa

There are no affiliations available

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