Schizophrenia: Historical Perspectives

  • Anthony Kales
  • Joyce D. Kales
  • Antonio Vela-Bueno
Part of the International Perspectives Series: Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience book series


Whereas mental aberrations have been described throughout history, and even inferred in prehistoric times, psychiatry as a distinct medical discipline and the birth of the nosological concepts of schizophrenia are both only about two centuries old. However, before these relatively recent systematic and scientific efforts to study mental disorders, one can find references and descriptions pertaining to mentally ill individuals that date back to early civilizations.1–10 An understanding of diseases of the mind seems to have rested in general on prevailing religious, social, and philosophical views of behavior, reason, and human volition. Nonetheless, there were numerous efforts to classify descriptively symptoms and syndromes and to propose hypotheses concerning causation that provide interesting historical links to our contemporary systems of classification and theories of etiology.2


Mental Disorder Eighteenth Century Historical Perspective Thirteenth Century Mental Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Kales
  • Joyce D. Kales
  • Antonio Vela-Bueno

There are no affiliations available

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