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Plant Distribution in Gondwana During the Late Paleozoic

  • Sergio Archangelsky

Abstract

Global plant distribution during the Late Paleozoic (Carboniferous and Permian) was paleogeographically controlled. The latest reconstructions of sea-land distribution during the Late Paleozoic coincide in shaping a huge continental block, called Pangaea, that stretched from a northern hemisphere cold- temperate zone across the paleoequator to a southern hemisphere cold-temperate belt (Ziegler et al. 1981, Tarling 1985, Johnson and Tarling 1985, Scotese 1986). This new approach has partly changed concepts about large, paleophytogeographical units (realms, provinces, phytochoria) that were based on taxonomical lists in order to suggest consistent plant groupings in definite areas of the globe (Halle 1937, Gothan and Weyland 1954, Wagner 1962, Vakhrameiev et al. 1970, Cha- loner and Meyen 1973, Chaloner and Lacey 1973). The new paleogeographical data also provide an exceptional tool for paleobotanists to explain some anomalies in plant distribution that were, if at all, marginally considered.

Keywords

Late Carboniferous Early Carboniferous Fossil Plant Permian Stratum Equatorial Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Sergio Archangelsky

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