Bioavailability to Plants of Sludge-Borne Toxic Organics

  • G. A. O’Connor
  • R. L. Chaney
  • J. A. Ryan
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 121)


Land application is an efficient and cost-effective method of sludge disposal that also recycles essential nutrients to the soil. Sludge additions can also improve the physical and chemical properties of soil, albeit at high initial or cumulative application rates. Thus, land application of sludge in the agricultural sector is responsive to the policy of U.S. EPA (40 CFR 503, 1989) of promoting beneficial use of sewage sludge. Concern about the environmental fate of toxic organic (TOs) that can occur in sludges, however, threatens routine use of the practice.


Sewage Sludge Plant Uptake Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonate Bioconcentration Factor Land Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. O’Connor
    • 1
  • R. L. Chaney
    • 2
  • J. A. Ryan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and HorticultureNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.Soil-Microbial SystemsUSDA-ARSBeltsvilleUSA
  3. 3.Risk Reduction Engineering LaboratoryUS-EPACincinnatiUSA

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