Selected Trace Elements and the Use of Biomonitors in Subtropical and Tropical Marine Ecosystems

  • David J. H. Phillips
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 120)


This chapter reviews existing knowledge on the abundances and distributions of selected trace elements in subtropical and tropical marine ecosystems. The marine waters concerned lie astride the equator, between the Tropic of Cancer to the north and the Tropic of Capricorn to the south, and include parts of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (in addition to certain smaller contiguous water masses). These oceans are bordered by the land masses of Central America, the northern part of South America, central Africa, India, and northern Australia, and include the nations of Southeast Asia (Fig. 1).


Trace Metal Great Barrier Reef Bivalve Mollusc Trace Metal Concentration Tropical Zone 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. H. Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Castle ChambersAcer EnvironmentalLiverpoolEngland

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