Nutritional Mode

  • John H. Andrews
Part of the Brock/Springer Series in Contemporary Bioscience book series (BROCK/SPRINGER)


Not much can be said about the biology of an organism until one knows how it provides for itself. Thus, nutritional mode, along with size (Chapter 4) and architecture (Chapter 5) provide the basis for ecological comparisons because they impose broad constraints as well as opportunities. In this chapter I examine how living forms can be grouped depending on which resources they use and how they go about harvesting them. Broadly speaking, the issue is that portion of Figure 1.1 (Chapter 1) concerning resource acquisition.


Trophic Structure Resource Acquisition Green Sulfur Bacterium Resource Category Green Sunfish 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Additional Reading

  1. Alberts, B. et al. 1989. Molecular biology of the cell, 2nd ed. Garland, N.Y. A good overview of cellular biochemistry, structure, and genetics, including comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryotes.Google Scholar
  2. MacArthur, R.H. and E.R. Pianka. 1966. On optimal use of a patchy environment. Amer. Nat. 100: 603–609. The starting point for considering optimal foraging theory.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. O’Brien, W.J. et al. 1990. Search strategies of foraging animals. Amer. Sci. 78: 152–160. The search strategies of most (unitary) animals involves a pattern of starts and stops (saltatory search) which repositions the hunter; at the extremes the other strategies are a ‘cruise search’ (hawk) or ‘ambush search’ (lion).Google Scholar
  4. Pardee, A.B. 1961. Response of enzyme synthesis and activity to environment. Sympos. Soc. Gen. Microbiol. 11: 19–40. The thesis that bacteria have evolved to multiply as rapidly as possible.Google Scholar
  5. Schopf, J.W. 1978. The evolution of the earliest cells. Sci. Amer. 239: 85–103. Aspects of bacterial metabolism, the origin of eukaryotes, the interaction of organism and environment in evolution.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations