Heterogeneity and Spatial Hierarchies

  • Robert V. O’Neill
  • Robert H. Gardner
  • Bruce T. Milne
  • Monica G. Turner
  • Barbara Jackson
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 86)


To apply the traditional scientific method, ecologists ordinarily focus on the mean or central tendency of a data set. For example, a typical hypothesis test would involve demonstrating that the mean is significantly different from a control measurement. However, ecological systems are heterogeneous, and much information may be lost if the variance of a data set is ignored. This chapter shows that a specific prediction of hierarchy theory can be tested by examining how variance changes as measurements are taken across a range of scales.


Barren Ground Shallow Slope Multilevel Structure Discrete Scale Transect Length 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert V. O’Neill
  • Robert H. Gardner
  • Bruce T. Milne
  • Monica G. Turner
  • Barbara Jackson

There are no affiliations available

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