Evolution in Relation to Environmental Stress

  • Anthony D. Bradshaw
  • T. McNeilly


To understand what evolutionary changes might occur in plant species affected by air pollutants, a useful place to start is in other situations where environmental stresses occur. This could be anywhere, since stress—the occurrence of a factor, or factors, reducing growth or reproduction—occurs everywhere in nature. Stress factors can be anything from extremes of temperature to competition, as well as more subtle stresses.


Copper Mine Metal Resistance Sensitive Individual Sensitive Genotype Resistant Individual 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony D. Bradshaw
  • T. McNeilly

There are no affiliations available

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