Evolution in Relation to Environmental Stress

  • Anthony D. Bradshaw
  • T. McNeilly

Abstract

To understand what evolutionary changes might occur in plant species affected by air pollutants, a useful place to start is in other situations where environmental stresses occur. This could be anywhere, since stress—the occurrence of a factor, or factors, reducing growth or reproduction—occurs everywhere in nature. Stress factors can be anything from extremes of temperature to competition, as well as more subtle stresses.

Keywords

Zinc Sugar Nickel Toxicity Dioxide 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony D. Bradshaw
  • T. McNeilly

There are no affiliations available

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