Functional Esthetics to Enhance Weil-Being in Isolated and Confined Settings

  • Yvonne A. Clearwater
  • Richard G. Coss
Conference paper


As the technology for providing living and working settings in space and other remote environments has evolved, the focus of mission planners and facility designers alike has expanded from concerns for survivability to an emphasis on the achievement of human goals and a resulting sense of well-being (Clearwater, 1988). Requirements for habitability—the level of environmental acceptability—change dramatically with circumstances. For short periods of time, almost any arrangement may be viewed as acceptable to highly motivated individuals, as long as they are assured of staying alive and physically fit enough to perform their work. For longer stays, however, conditions must support psychological as well as physical health. In discussion of Soviet aviation ergonomics, Bugayev and Denisov (1976) attribute the quality of systems operations not only to the capabilities of the operator but also to the influence of the environment, the character and conditions of the work, and the interactions of the operator and the machine.


Motion Sickness Photographic Print Physiological Arousal Landscape Painting Apparent Depth 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yvonne A. Clearwater
  • Richard G. Coss

There are no affiliations available

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