Cracking and Fatigue in Fiber-Reinforced Metal and Ceramic Matrix Composites

  • A. G. Evans
  • F. W. Zok

Abstract

The damage that occurs in unidirectional ceramic and metal matrix composites upon monotonic and cyclic loading involves coupled considerations of mechanics and stochastic processes. Some of the basic principles are described and models presented that both characterize damage evolution and govern mechanism changes. Comparisons are presented between predictions and experimental data for such phenomena as modulus degradation caused by matrix cracking, fatigue crack growth and tensile strength.

Keywords

Fatigue Argon Brittle Posites Kelly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Argon, A. S. (1972). Treatise On Materials Science, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  2. Aveston, J., Cooper, G. A., and Kelly, A. (1971). The Properties of Fiber Composites JPC. pages 15–26.Google Scholar
  3. Bao, G. and McMeeking, R. M. (to be published). J. Mech. Phys. Solids.Google Scholar
  4. Beyerle, D., Spearing, S. M., and Evans, A. G. (to be published).Google Scholar
  5. Beyerle, D., Spearing, S. M., Zok, F. W., and Evans, A. G. (in press). J. Am. Ceram. Soc.Google Scholar
  6. Bowling, J. and Groves, G. W. (1979). J. Mater. Sci., 14:43.Google Scholar
  7. Budiansky, B., Hutchinson, J. W., and Evans, A. G. (1986). J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 34:164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cao, H. C., Bischoff, E., Sbaizero, O, Rühle, M., Evans, A. c., Marshall, D. B., and Brennan, J. J. (1990). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 73:1691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chawla, K. K. (1987). Composite Materials Science and Engineering, Springer-Verlag, NY.Google Scholar
  10. Corten, H. T. (1967). Modern Composite Materials (Brontman, L. J. and Krock, R. H., editors), Addison, page 27.Google Scholar
  11. Cox, B. N. (in press). Acta Metall. Mater.Google Scholar
  12. Cox, B. N. and Lo, C. (in press). Acta Metall. Mater.Google Scholar
  13. Cox, B. N. and Marshall, D. B. (1991). Acta Metall. Mater., 39:579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Curtin, W. A. (1991a). J. Mater. Sci., 26.Google Scholar
  15. Curtin, W. A. (1991b). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 74, 2837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Daniels, H. E. (1945). Proc. Roy. Soc., A183:405.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. Evans, A. G. (1983). Met. Trans., A14:1349.Google Scholar
  18. Evans, A. G. and Marshall, D. B. (1989). Acta Metall., 37:2567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Evans, A. G. (1990). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 73:187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Evans, A. G., Zok, F. W., and Davis, J. B. (1991). Composite Science and Technology, 42:3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Evans, A. G. (in press). Mat. Sci. Eng.Google Scholar
  22. Freudenthal, A. (1967). Fracture (Liebowitz, H., editor), Academic Press.Google Scholar
  23. He, M.-Y. and Hutchinson, J. W. (1989). International Journal Solids Structures, 25:1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Heredia, F. E., Spearing, S. M., Evans, A. G., Curtin, W. A., and Mosher, P. (to be published). J. Am. Ceram. Soc.Google Scholar
  25. Hu, M. S., Cao, H. C., Yang, J. S., Mehrabian, R., and Evans, A. G. (to be published) Met. Trans.Google Scholar
  26. Hutchinson, J. W. and Jensen, H. (1990). Mech. of Mtls., 9:139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jamet, J. F., Lewis, D., and Lüh, E. Y. (1984). Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 5:625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kim, R. Y. and Pagano, N. (1991). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 24:1082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mackin, T. J., Warren, P., and Evans, A. G. (to be published).Google Scholar
  30. Marshall, D. B., Cox, B. N., and Evans, A. G. (1985). Acta Metall., 33:2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Marshall, D. B. and Evans, A. G. (1985). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 68:225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Matthews, J. R., Shack, W. J., and McClintock, F. A. (1976). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 59:304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McCartney, L. N. (1987). Proc. Roy. Soc., A409:329.Google Scholar
  34. McClintock, F. A. (1976). Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics, Bradt, R. C. et al., editor, Plenum, NY, 1:33.Google Scholar
  35. McMeeking, R. M. and Evans, A. G. (1990). Mech. of Mtls., 9:217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Odette, G. R. and Chao, B. L. (to be published). Acta Metall. Mater.Google Scholar
  37. Oh, H. L. and Finnie, I. (1970). Intl. Jnl. Frac., 6:287.Google Scholar
  38. Prewo, K. and Brennan, J. J. (1980). J. Mater. Sci., 15:463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pryce, A. and Smith, P. (in press). J. Mater. Sci.Google Scholar
  40. Ritchie, R. O., Knott, J., and Rice, J. R. (1973). J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 21:395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sensmeier, M. and Wright, K. (1989). Proceedings TMS Fall Meeting, Indianapolis, Law, P. K. and Gungor, M. N., editors, page 441.Google Scholar
  42. Shang, J. K., Tzou, J. L., and Ritchie, R. V. (1987). Met. Trans., A18:1613.Google Scholar
  43. Singh, R. (1989). J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 72:1764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Suo, Z. and Hutchinson, J. W. (to be published). Advances In Applied Mech.Google Scholar
  45. Sutcu, M. (1989). Acta Metall., 37:651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tada, H., Paris, P. C., and Irwin, G. R. (1985). The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook, Del Research Corp., St. Louis.Google Scholar
  47. Thouless, M. D. and Evans, A. G. (1980). Acta Metall., 36:517.Google Scholar
  48. Walls, D, Bao, G., and Zok, F. W. (1991). Scripta Metall. Mater., 25:911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Walls, D. and Zok, F. W. (1991). In Gungor, M. N., Lavernia, E. J., and Fishman, S. G., editors, Advanced Metal Matrix Composites for Elevated Temperatures, ASM, Metals Park, page 101.Google Scholar
  50. Warren, P., Mackin, T. J., and Evans, A. G. (in press). J. Am. Geram. Soc.Google Scholar
  51. Zok, F. W. and Horn, C. L. (1990). Acta Metall. Mater., 38:1895.Google Scholar
  52. Zok, F. W., Sbaizero, O., Horn, C. L., and Evans, A. G. (1991). J. Am. Geram. Soc., 74:187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zok, F. W. and Spearing, S. M. (in press). Acta Metall. Mater.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Evans
  • F. W. Zok

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations