Energy and Material Flows Across Boundaries in Agricultural Landscapes

  • Lech Ryszkowski
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 92)


Increased interest in studies of ecological phenomena across groups of ecosystems is due both to changes within ecology and to attempts to limit environmental hazards. During the past few years, a new ecological discipline has emerged—landscape ecology, which deals with the influence of spatial pattern on biotic and abiotic functioning (Naveh and Lieberman 1984, Forman and Godron 1986, Turner 1987). The problems of spatial heterogeneity significantly distinguish research in landscape ecology from ecosystem studies, the latter typically neglected phenomena occurring in boundary zones. Landscape ecology, in contrast, deals specifically with spatial patterning, including the influence of landscape boundaries on the flow of energy, material, and organisms (Forman 1987, di Castri et al. 1988).


Sugar Beet Agricultural Landscape Ground Moraine Arable Field Drainage Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

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  • Lech Ryszkowski

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