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Antimicrobials in Shrimp Aquaculture in the United States: Regulatory Status and Safety Concerns

  • Eric D. Park
  • Donald V. Lightner
  • Douglas L. Park
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 138)

Abstract

The demand for seafood products, i.e., shrimp, continues to increase every year. However, the supply of seafood from the ocean has been believed for some time, to be very close to the point of maximum sustainable yield (MSY) (Roedel 1973). A figure of 100 million metric tons (MT) per year has long been accepted as the MSY of our oceans. Some believe that a more liberal figure of 150 million MT is more accurate. By 1987, the world fisheries landings had reached a level of 93 million MT (Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO] 1989). Regardless, the yearly rate of increase of fishery landings continues to decline, and an increasing amount of the seafoods consumed is supplied via the aquaculture industry (United States Office of Agriculture [USOA] 1986). The world aquaculture production of fish in 1985 was 10.6 million MT and rose to 13.2 million MT by 1987 (FAO 1989). It has been estimated that, by the year 2000, as much as 32 million MT of aquacultured fish will be produced, accounting for approximately 25% of the world’s fishery production.

Keywords

Rainbow Trout Channel Catfish Vibrio Species Maximum Sustainable Yield Penaeid Shrimp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric D. Park
    • 1
  • Donald V. Lightner
    • 1
  • Douglas L. Park
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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