Advertisement

Soil Biology: Soil Animals and Soil Acidity

  • Sigmund Hågvar
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 104)

Abstract

The role of soil animals is in general poorly known. Several studies have shown that soil fauna may accelerate the decomposition rate and contribute to the release of plant nutrients, but there is a need for more exact quantitative knowledge in this field (e.g., Anderson et al. 1983; Seastedt 1984; Hågvar 1988; Abrahamsen 1990; Setälä and Huhta 1990, 1991; Setälä et al. 1990; Huhta et al. 1991).

Keywords

Soil Acidity Soil Biology Soil Fauna Soil Animal Moss Cover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abrahamsen G (1971) The influence of temperature and soil moisture on the population density of Cognettia sphagnetorum (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) in cultures of homogenized raw humus. Pedobiologia 11:417–424.Google Scholar
  2. Abrahamsen G (1972a) Ecological study of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) in Norwegian coniferous forest soils. Pedobiologia 12:26–82.Google Scholar
  3. Abrahamsen G (1972b) Ecological study of Lumbricidae (Oligochaeta) in Norwegian coniferous forest soils. Pedobiologia 12:267–281.Google Scholar
  4. Abrahamsen G (1983) Effects of lime and artificial acid rain on the enchytraeid (Oligochaeta) fauna in coniferous forest. Holarct Ecol 6:247–254.Google Scholar
  5. Abrahamsen G (1990) Influence of Cognettia sphagnetorum (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) on nitrogen mineralization in homogenized mor humus. Biol Fertil Soils 9:159–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Anderson JM (1978) Competition between two unrelated species of soil Cryp- tostigmata (Acari) in experimental microcosms. J Anim Ecol 47:787–803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Anderson JM, Ineson P, Huish SA (1983) Nitrogen and cation release by macro- fauna feeding on leaf litter and soil organic matter from deciduous woodlands. Soil Biol Biochem 15:463–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bååth E, Lundgren B, Söderström B (1979) Effects of artificial acid rain on microbial activity and biomass. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 23:737–740.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bååth E, Berg B, Lohm U, Lundgren G, Lundkvist H, Rosswall T, Söderström B, Wirén A (1980) Effects of experimental acidification and liming on soil organisms and decomposition in a Scots pine forest. Pedobiologia 20:85–100.Google Scholar
  10. Bonnet L (1961) Caracteres généraux des populations thécamoebiennes endogées. Pedobiologia 1:6–24.Google Scholar
  11. Christiansen K (1967) Competition between collembolan species in culture jars. Rev Écol Biol Sol 4:439–462.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards CA, Dennis EB, Empson DW (1967) Pesticides and the soil fauna: effects of aldrin and DDT in an arable field. Ann Appl Biol 60:11–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hågvar S (1982) Collembola in Norwegian coniferous forest soils I. Relations to plant communities and soil fertility. Pedobiologia 24:255–296.Google Scholar
  14. Hågvar S (1984a) Effects of liming and artificial acid rain on Collembola and Protura in coniferous forest. Pedobiologia 27:341–354.Google Scholar
  15. Hågvar S (1984b) Six common mite species (Acari) in Norwegian coniferous forest soils: relations to vegetation types and soil characteristics. Pedobiologia 27:355–364.Google Scholar
  16. Hågvar S (1984c) Ecological studies of microarthropods in forest soils, with emphasis on relations to soil acidity. (PhD thesis) University of Oslo, pp 1–35.Google Scholar
  17. Hågvar S (1988) Decomposition studies in an easily-constructed microcosm: effects of microarthropods and varying soil pH. Pedobiologia 31:293–303.Google Scholar
  18. Hågvar S (1990) Reactions to soil acidification in microarthropods: is competition a key factor? Biol Fertil Soils 9:178–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hågvar S, Abrahamsen G (1977) Eksperimentelle forsuringsforsøk i skog. 5. Jordbunnszoologiske undersøkelser (in Norwegian, English summary). (SNSF Project IR 32/77) Oslo-Ås, pp 1–47.Google Scholar
  20. Hågvar S, Abrahamsen G (1980) Colonisation by Enchytraeidae, Collembola, and Acari in sterile soil samples with adjusted pH levels. Oikos 34:245–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hågvar S, Abrahamsen G (1984) Collembola in Norwegian coniferous forest soils III. Relations to soil chemistry. Pedobiologia 27:331–339.Google Scholar
  22. Hågvar S, Amundsen T (1981) Effects of liming and artificial acid rain on the mite (Acari) fauna in coniferous forest. Oikos 37:7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hågvar S, Kjøndal BR (1981) Effects of artificial acid rain on the microarthropod fauna in decomposing birch leaves. Pedobiologia 22:409–422.Google Scholar
  24. Huhta V, Hyvönen R, Koskenniemi A, Vilkamaa P (1983) Role of pH in the effect of fertilization on Nematoda, Oligochaeta, and microarthropods. In: Lebrun P, André HM, De Medts A, Grégoire-Wibo C, Wauthy G (eds) New trends in soil biology. (Proceedings of the VIIIth Int. Colloq. of Soil Zoology), pp 61–73.Google Scholar
  25. Huhta V, Haimi J, Setälä H (1991) Role of the fauna in soil processes: techniques using simulated forest floor. Agric Ecosyst Environ 34:223–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Koskenniemi A, Huhta V (1986) Effects of fertilization and manipulation of pH on mite (Acari) populations of coniferous forest soil. Rev Écol Biol Sol 23:271–286.Google Scholar
  27. Macfadyen A (1961) Improved funnel-type extractors for soil arthropods. J Anim Ecol 30:171–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nordstrom S, Rundgren S (1974) Environmental factors and lumbricid associations in southern Sweden. Pedobiologia 14:1–27.Google Scholar
  29. Nygard J, Solberg J (1985) Laboratory study on competition between four soil- living species of Collembola (in Norwegian). (Thesis) University of Oslo, Oslo.Google Scholar
  30. O’Connor FB (1955) Extraction of enchytraeid worms from a coniferous forest soil. Nature 175:815–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Persson T (1988) Effects of liming on the soil fauna in forests. A literature review. (Statens naturvårdsverk, Report 3418) Solna, Sweden, pp 47–92.Google Scholar
  32. Satchell JE (1955) Some aspects of earthworm ecology. In: Kevan DKMcE (ed) Soil zoology. Butterworths, London, pp 180–201.Google Scholar
  33. Satchell JE (1967) Lumbricidae. In: Burges A, Raw F (eds) Soil biology. Academic Press, London, pp 259–322.Google Scholar
  34. Seastedt TR (1984) The role of microarthropods in decomposition and mineralization processes. Ann Rev Entomol 29:25–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Setälä H, Huhta V (1990) Evaluation of the soil fauna impact on decomposition in a simulated coniferous forest soil. Biol Fertil Soils 10:163–169.Google Scholar
  36. Setälä H, Huhta V (1991) Soil fauna increases Betula pendula growth: laboratory experiments with coniferous forest floor. Ecology 72:665–671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Setälä H, Martikainen E, Tyynismaa M, Huhta V (1990) Effects of soil fauna on leaching of nitrogen and phosphorus from experimental systems simulating coniferous forest floor. Biol. Fertil. Soils 10:170–177.Google Scholar
  38. Sheals JG (1956) Soil population studies. I. The effects of cultivation and treatment with insecticides. Bull Entomol Res 47:803–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stachurska-Hagen T (1980) Acidification experiments in conifer forest. 8. Effects of acidification and liming on some soil animals: Protozoa, Rotifera and Nematoda. (SNSF Project IR 74/80) Oslo-Ås, pp 1–23.Google Scholar
  40. Vilkamaa P, Huhta V (1986) Effects of fertilization and pH on communities of Collembola in pine forest soil. Ann Zool Fenn 23:167–174.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigmund Hågvar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and Nature ConservationAgricultural University of NorwayÅsNorway

Personalised recommendations