The skilled endoscopic surgeon must be able to tie or sew when these techniques will make the operation more efficient or practical. Indeed, many advanced procedures are not feasible without sewing and tying.


Suture Material Needle Holder Needle Driver Single Suture Curve Needle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry L. Laws

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