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A Developmental Framework for Psychosocial Research on Young Children with Craniofacial Anomalies

  • Matthew L. Speltz
  • Holly Galbreath
  • Mark T. Greenberg

Abstract

Young children with craniofacial anomalies (CFA) and their families undergo a succession of extremely stressful events through the first five years of life, beginning with the parents’ awareness of and coping with the infants’ disfigurement at birth, followed by extraordinary caregiving demands (e.g., feeding problems), multiple diagnostic procedures, and the initial reactions of friends and relatives to the babies’ appearance. Next come one or more surgeries with varying and uncertain degrees of restorative outcome and associated hospitalizations. Finally, the family must anticipate and prepare for the children’s inevitable exposure to possibly negative peer reactions in daycare or preschool. How do these children and their families react to and cope with these extreme and repeated stressors in early life? What influence do these early events have on the developing parent — child relationship and children’s internalization of the caregiving environment? Are such factors predictive of the children’s later resilience or vulnerability to negative social responses?

Keywords

Cleft Palate Maternal Behavior Trained Observer Facial Appearance Typical Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew L. Speltz
  • Holly Galbreath
  • Mark T. Greenberg

There are no affiliations available

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