Assisted Reproductive Technology Versus Tubal Surgery

  • Claudio A. Benadiva
  • Isaac Kligman
  • Zev Rosenwaks
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)


Significant advances in the field of human reproduction and reproductive surgery are responsible for a dramatic change in our approach to the infertile couple. Since the landmark report of Steptoe and Edwards in 1978,1 in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have evolved to assume a preeminent role in the management of infertility. IVF was originally developed to treat infertile women with irreversible tubal damage. In time it became evident that most causes of infertility unresponsive to conventional therapy could be treated with the various forms of ART, including IVF with intrauterine embryo transfer, gamete and zygote intrafallopian transfer (GIFT and ZIFT, respectively), and the micromanipulation of gametes and embryos. Technologic advances such as transvaginal ultrasonography have made the current procedures much less invasive, decreasing the risks to patients.


Pregnancy Rate Embryo Transfer Ectopic Pregnancy Oocyte Retrieval Tubal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio A. Benadiva
  • Isaac Kligman
  • Zev Rosenwaks

There are no affiliations available

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