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Corrugator Resection to Reduce Frowning

  • Robert S. Hamas

Abstract

Many people have a subconscious tendency to frown whenever concentrating or conversing. This gives them an undesirable and unattractive appearance because they look mean or angry (Fig. 5.1). People become aware of making this facial expression when friends, family, and co-workers react to it, asking if something is wrong or why they are upset. Some who habitually frown complain of having to repeatedly reassure those around them that they are not in a bad mood. A history of prominent frowning expressions may go back to childhood, with recollections of a parent admonishing them to quit frowning or even applying tape to the glabellar area at night.

Keywords

Facial Expression Endoscopic Resection Neurovascular Structure Orbicularis Oculus Forehead Flap 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert S. Hamas

There are no affiliations available

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