In late 1985 and early 1986 an analysis of the impact of the soda ash/chlor-alkali facility on Onondaga Lake and adjoining systems was conducted by Effler (1987) in anticipation of the closure of the plant. Effects of the ionic waste discharge of the facility identified (Effler 1987), included: (1) ionic enrichment, (2) altered stratification regime of the lake, (3) altered exchange between the lake and river, (4) altered hydrodynamics in the river downstream of the lake, (5) precipitation and deposition of large quantities of CaCO3, and (6) altered chemistry of lake sediments regulating P availability. It was concluded (Effler 1987) that mercury and benzene and chlorobenzene wastes from the facility had contaminated the lake sediments and fish of the lake. Deleterious impacts of the facility identified by Effler (1987) included: the elimination of fish habitat, exacerbation of the problem of limited O2 resources of the lake, contamination of fish flesh, exacerbation of the problem of low transparency of the lake, and severe O2 depletion in the lower waters of the river system.


Total Phosphorus Zebra Mussel Water Quality Model Fish Flesh Cultural Eutrophication 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven W. Effler

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