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Performance of Coimmobilized Yeast and Amyloglucosidase in a Fluidized Bed Reactor for Fuel Ethanol Production

  • May Y. Sun
  • Paul R. Bienkowski
  • Brian H. Davison
  • Merry A. Spurrier
  • Oren F. Webb
Chapter
Part of the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology book series (ABAB, volume 63-65)

Abstract

The performance of coimmobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae and amyloglucosidase (AG) was evaluated in a fluidized-bed reactor. Soluble starch and yeast extracts were used as feed stocks. Conversion of soluble starch streams to ethanol has potential practical applications in corn dry and wet milling and in developmental lignocellulosic processes. The biocatalyst performed well, and demonstrated no significant loss of activity or physical integrity during 10 wk of continuous operation. The reactor was easily operated and required no pH control. No operational problems were encountered from bacterial contaminants even though the reactor was operated under nonsterile conditions over the entire course of experiments. Productivities ranged between 25 and 44 g ethanol/L/h/. The experiments demonstrated that ethanol inhibition and bed loading had significant effects on reactor performance.

Index Entries

Ethanol glucose starch simultaneous saccharification and fermentation fluidized-bed reactor 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • May Y. Sun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul R. Bienkowski
    • 1
    • 2
  • Brian H. Davison
    • 1
    • 2
  • Merry A. Spurrier
    • 1
  • Oren F. Webb
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemical Technology DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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