Performance of Coimmobilized Yeast and Amyloglucosidase in a Fluidized Bed Reactor for Fuel Ethanol Production
The performance of coimmobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae and amyloglucosidase (AG) was evaluated in a fluidized-bed reactor. Soluble starch and yeast extracts were used as feed stocks. Conversion of soluble starch streams to ethanol has potential practical applications in corn dry and wet milling and in developmental lignocellulosic processes. The biocatalyst performed well, and demonstrated no significant loss of activity or physical integrity during 10 wk of continuous operation. The reactor was easily operated and required no pH control. No operational problems were encountered from bacterial contaminants even though the reactor was operated under nonsterile conditions over the entire course of experiments. Productivities ranged between 25 and 44 g ethanol/L/h/. The experiments demonstrated that ethanol inhibition and bed loading had significant effects on reactor performance.
Index EntriesEthanol glucose starch simultaneous saccharification and fermentation fluidized-bed reactor
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