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Europe as Partner

  • Daniel Fischer
  • Hilmar Duerbeck

Abstract

For several years, it appeared that the brave new world of space astronomy was reserved for the United States. After its final but expensive participation in the manned International Space Station project, the European Space Agency has let its science budget effectively shrink since 1995. The hopes of European astronomers for a new ESA instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope were shattered, and ESA could even have been completely eliminated from the Hubble program in 2001, when the memorandum of understanding between NASA and ESA runs out. The memorandum guaranteed European astronomers at least 15 percent of observing time on Hubble, in exchange for personnel resources and technical contributions, such as instruments and solar panels.

Keywords

European Space Agency Solar Panel Hubble Space Telescope Terrestrial Planet Technical Contribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Fischer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hilmar Duerbeck
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.KönigswinterGermany
  2. 2.AntofagastaChile
  3. 3.BaltimoreUSA

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