Targets of Chemotherapeutic Drug Action in Testis and Epididymis

  • Bernard Robaire
  • Barbara F. Hales
Part of the Serono Symposia USA Norwell, Massachusetts book series (SERONOSYMP)


Paternal occupational exposures to mercury, anaesthetic gases, lead, some solvents, and pesticides are associated with an increase in spontaneous abortions (1). Paternal occupations that include painters, auto mechanics, and firemen and involve exposure to metals, solvents, and pesticides are associated with birth defects (2). Adverse effects may not be apparent at birth; increased incidences of childhood cancer are found after a number of the same exposures as for birth defects (3).


Germ Cell Male Germ Cell Methyl Chloride Male Pronucleus Male Genome 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Robaire
  • Barbara F. Hales

There are no affiliations available

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