Structural Development of the Mammalian Auditory Pathways

  • Nell Beatty Cant
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 9)

Abstract

Highly specific patterns of structural organization underlie all aspects of auditory function. An unusually large number of cell groups make up the auditory brain stem, and each forms precisely organized connections with other brain stem nuclei or with the auditory structures of the forebrain. A detailed knowledge of the development of the relevant structures and circuitry is required before the mechanisms leading to that development can be understood (Morest 1968; Rubel 1978). As Morest (1968) has emphasized, theories intended to explain ontogenesis must account for the sequence of events that give rise to the adult structures because it is likely that early events constrain the later ones. With the advent of new insights and new techniques for manipulating and labeling specific structures in the embryonic nervous system, it has become possible to experimentally analyze all stages of development from conception to the attainment of adult morphology and function. The goal of this chapter is to describe the sequence of events in the morphological development of the mammalian auditory system as currently understood. Development of the cochlea is reviewed by Fritsch, Barald, and Lomax (Chapter 3), Pujol, Lavigne-Rebillard, and Lenoir (Chapter 4), and Lippe and Norton (Chapter 5) and is referred to here only when relevant for issues of central development.

Keywords

Retina Gall Succinate Azimuth Settling 

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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

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