Evaluation of Effects of Forestry and Agricultural Policies on Forest Carbon and Markets

  • Ralph J. Alig
  • Darius M. Adams
  • Bruce A. McCarl
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 128)


Possible global warming has prompted examination of alternative policy measures for reducing excessive carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere caused by emissions. These measures include forestry-based strategies for sequestering additional increments of carbon (e.g., Sampson and Hair, 1992; Haynes et al., 1994; Alig et al., 1997). Forests are a dominant part of the landscape in most of the southern United States, storing most of the carbon residing in terrestrial ecosystems. Forestry and agriculture cause the largest changes in the region’s vegetation; possible future changes in the area, cover types, and ages of forests are important considerations for those examining policies for sequestering more carbon in forests.


Forest Carbon Forest Industry Forest Sector Conservation Reserve Program Forest Carbon Stock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams RC, Adams DM, Callaway JM, Chang C, McCarl BA (1993) Sequestering carbon on agricultural land: Social costs and impacts on timber markets. Contemp Pol Iss XI:76–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams DM, Alig RJ, Callaway JM, McCarl BA, Winnett S (1996b) The forest and agricultural sector model (FASOM): Model structure and policy applications. USDA For Serv Pac Northwest Res Stat Res Pap PNW-495. Portland, OR.Google Scholar
  3. Adams DM, Alig RJ, McCarl BA, Callaway JM, Winnett S (1996a) An analysis of the impacts of public timber harvest policies on private forest management in the U.S. Forest Science 42(3):343–358.Google Scholar
  4. Adams DM, Haynes RW (1991) Softwood timber supply and the future of the southern forest economy. So J Appl For 15:31–37.Google Scholar
  5. Adams DM, Haynes RW (1996) The 1993 timber assessment market model: Structure, projections, and policy simulations. USDA For Serv Pac Northwest Res Stat Gen Tech Rep PNW GTR-368. Portland, OR.Google Scholar
  6. Alig RJ (1986) Econometric analysis of the factors influencing forest area trends in the Southeast. For Sci 32(1): 119–134.Google Scholar
  7. Alig RJ, Adams DM (1996) Timber supply analyses in the U.S.: TAMM, FASOM, and related models. In Proceedings of conference, large-scale forestry scenario models: experiences and requirements. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland.Google Scholar
  8. Alig RJ, Adams DM, Haynes RW (1994) Regional changes in land uses and cover types: Modeling links between forestry and agriculture. In Proceedings of the 24th annual southern forest economics workshop, Univ GA, Warnell School of Forest Resources, May, 1994. Savannah, GA.Google Scholar
  9. Alig RJ, Adams DM, Haynes RW (1995) Regional changes in land uses and cover types: Modeling links between forestry and agriculture. In USDA For Serv Southeast For Exper Stat Gen Tech Rep SE-92. Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  10. Alig RJ, Adams DM, Chmelik, J, Bettinger, P (1996) Private forest investment and long-run sustainable harvest volumes. In Proceedings of planted forests: Contributions to sustainable societies, June 1995, Portland, Oregon.Google Scholar
  11. Alig RJ, Adams DM, McCarl BA, Callaway JM, Winnett S (1997) Assessing effects of mitigation strategies for global climate change with an intertemporal model of the U.S. forest and agriculture sectors. Environmental and Resource Econmics 9:259–274.Google Scholar
  12. Alig RJ, Hohenstein WG, Murray BC, and Haight RG (1990) Changes in area of timber- land area in the United States, 1952–2040, by ownership, forest type, region, and state. USDA For Serv Southeast For Exper Stat Gen Tech Rep SE-64. Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  13. Alig RJ, Wear DN (1992) U.S. private timberlands, 1952–2040. J For 90(5):31–37.Google Scholar
  14. Birdsey RA (1992) Carbon storage in trees and forests. In Sampson N, Hair D (Ed) Forests and global change: Vol I. American Forestry Association, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  15. Burton DA, McCarl BA, Adams DM, Alig RJ, Callaway JM, Winnett SM (1995) An exploratory study of the economic impacts of climate change on southern forests: Preliminary results. In USDA For Serv Southeast For Exper Stat Gen Tech Report SE-92. Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  16. Chang C, McCarl BA, Mjelde J, Richardson J (1992) Sectoral implications of farm program modifications. Am J Agr Econ 74: 38–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cubbage F, Harris T Jr, Wear DN, Abt R, Pacheco G (1995) Timber supply in the South: Where is all the wood? J For 93 (7): 16–20.Google Scholar
  18. Daugherty AB (1995) Major uses of land in the United States, 1992. USDA Econ Res Serv Agric Econ Rep No. 723. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  19. Haynes RW, Adams DM, Mills J (1995) The 1993 RPA Timber Assessment Update. USDA For Serv Rocky Mtn For Range Exper Stat Gen Tech Rep RM-259. Ft. Collins, CO.Google Scholar
  20. Haynes RW, Alig RJ, Moore E (1994) Alternative simulations of forestry scenarios involving carbon sequestration options: Investigation of impacts on regional and national timber markets. USDA For Serv Pac Northwest Res Stat Gen Tech Rep PNW-335. Portland, OR.Google Scholar
  21. Ince P (1994) Recycling and long-range timber outlook. USDA For Serv Rocky Mtn For Range Exper Stat Gen Tech Rep RM-242, Ft. Collins, CO.Google Scholar
  22. Johnson KN, Schuerman L (1977) Techniques for prescribing optimal timber harvests and investments under different objectives. For Science Mono 18.Google Scholar
  23. Lee KJ, Alig RJ (1991) Public policies and the southern forest landscape. In Chang J (Ed) Proceedings of the 1991 southern forest economics workers (SOFEW) workshop, Feb. 20–22, 1991. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  24. McCarl BA, Chang C, Atwood J, Nayda W (1997) The U.S. agricultural sector model. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.Google Scholar
  25. Moulton RJ, Richards KR (1990) Costs of sequestering carbon through treeplanting and forest management in the United States. USDA For Serv Gen Tech Rep WO-58. Washington DC.Google Scholar
  26. Parks P, Hardie I (1995) Least-cost forest carbon reserves: Cost-effective subsidies to convert marginal agricultural land to forests. Land Econ 71:122–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Powell DJ, Faulkner P, Zhu Z, MacCleery D (1993) Forest resources of the United States, 1992. USDA Forest Service General Tech. Report RM-234. Rocky Mt. Forest and Range Exp. Station, Ft. Collins. CO.Google Scholar
  28. Sampson N, Hair D (1992) Forests and global change: Vol I-Opportunities for increasing forest cover. American Forestry Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  29. Sheffield R, Cost N, Bechtold W, McClure J (1985) Pine growth reductions in the Southeast. USDA Forest Serv Southeast For Exper Stat Res Bull SE-83. Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  30. Turner D, Lee J, Koerper G, Barker J (1993) The forestland carbon budget of the U.S.:Current status and evaluation. Report to EPA.Google Scholar
  31. ManTech, Corvallis, OR. USDA Forest Service (1988) The South’s fourth forest: Alternatives for the future. USDA For Serv For Res Rep No 24. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  32. USDA National Resource Conservation Service (1996) The 1992 Natural Resources Inventory in the United States. NRCS Report, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph J. Alig
  • Darius M. Adams
  • Bruce A. McCarl

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations