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Global Change and Disturbance in Southern Forest Ecosystems

  • Matthew P. Ayres
  • Gregory A. Reams
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 128)

Abstract

Global change is apt to introduce a variety of perturbations in forests of the southern United States (Figure 40.1). The consequences will vary depending upon characteristics of the perturbations and the ecosystem. Perturbations of high intensity but low frequency (e.g., fires, hurricanes, and regional epidemics of southern pine beetles) can “result in the sudden mortality of biomass in a community” and be described as disturbances (Huston 1994). At the other extreme, perturbations of low intensity but high frequency (e.g., changes in average temperature, elevated carbon dioxide (CO2), and atmospheric nitrogen deposition) tend to exert sustained but low intensity pressures on ecosystems and are sottletimes referred to as “stress” (Underwood, 1989; Winner, 1994; Milchunas and Lauenroth, 1995), but the effects are not necessarily negative (Teskey, see Chapter 8).

Keywords

Tropical Cyclone Global Change Gypsy Moth Forest Pest Ecol Manage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew P. Ayres
  • Gregory A. Reams

There are no affiliations available

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