Detecting and Predicting Climatic Variation from Old-Growth Baldcypress

  • Gregory A. Reams
  • Paul C. Van Deusen
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 128)


Tree-ring data can extend back in time for thousands of years allowing researchers to reconstruct certain environmental factors that have left an imprint or signal in the tree-ring record. Typically, these factors include reconstructions of annual precipitation or temperature for months or seasons to which a particular tree species is sensitive. Over the last several decades, scientists have used tree-ring records in novel ways to investigate the timing and extent of such natural phenomena as volcanoes (Baillie and Munro, 1988), earthquakes (Sheppard and Jacoby, 1987), El Niño/southern oscillation (Stahle and Cleaveland, 1993), fire (Swetnam 1993), carbon dioxide (CO2) (Graybill and Idso, 1993), and synchronous landscape-level disturbances (Reams and Van Deusen, 1993) by recognizing the possibility that various signals may be recorded in the growth record of trees, depending on microsite characteristics, geographic location, and disturbance history (Fritts 1976).


Tropical Cyclone Tree Ring Gibbs Sampler Palmer Drought Severity Index Climate Reconstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baillie MGL, Munro MAR (1988) Irish tree rings, Santorini and volcanic dust veils. Nature 332:344–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belsley DA, Kuh E, Welsch RE (1980) Regression diagnostics: Identifying influential data and sources of collinearity. John Wiley and Sons, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Box GEP, Tiao GC (1973) Bayesian inference in statistical analysis. Addison-Wesley, Philippines.Google Scholar
  4. Carlin BP, Gelfand AE, Smith AFM (1992) Hierarchical Bayesian analysis of changepoint problems. Appl Stat 41(2):389–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coleman JM (1988) Climatic warming and increased summer aridity in Florida, U.S.A. Clim Change 12:165–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Conner WH, Toliver JR (1990) Long-term trends in the bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum) resource in Louisiana (U.S.A.). For Ecol and Manage 33/34:543–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diaz MF, Quayle RG (1980) The climate of the United States since 1895: Spatial and temporal changes. Mon Weat Rev 108:246–266.Google Scholar
  8. Douglass AE (1941) Crossdating and dendrochronology. J For 39:825–831.Google Scholar
  9. Duever MJ, Carlson JE, Riopelle LA (1984) Corkscrew Swamp: A virgin cypress stand. In Ewel KC, Odum T (Eds) Cypress swamps. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, 334–348.Google Scholar
  10. Emanuel KA (1987) The dependence of hurricane intensity on climate. Nature 326:483–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Francis JK, Gillespie AJR (1993) Relating gust speed to tree damage in Hurricane Hugo, 1989. J Arbor 19(6):368–373.Google Scholar
  12. Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  13. Geman S, Geman D (1984) Stochastic relaxation, Gibbs distributions, and the Bayesian restoration of images. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, PAMI-6:721–741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Graumlich LJ (1993) A 1000-year record of temperature and precipitation in the Sierra Nevada. Quat Res 39:249–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Graybill DA, Idso SB (1993) Detecting the aerial fertilization effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment in tree-ring chronologies. Glob Biogeochem Cyc 7:81–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jarrell JD, Elsberry RL (1994) The effect of global climate change on tropical cyclones. Paper presented at the 5th Global Warming Conference, San Francisco, California. 4–7 April.Google Scholar
  17. Loope L, Duever M, Herndon A, Snyder J, Jansen D (1994) Hurricane impacts on uplands and freshwater swamp forests. BioSci 44(4):238–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ludlum DM (1963) Early American hurricanes 1492–1870. Lancaster Press, Inc, Boston.Google Scholar
  19. Neumann CJ, Jarvinen BR, Pike AC, Elms JD (1987) Tropical Cyclones of the North Atlantic ocean, 1871–1986. Historical Climatology Series 6–2. National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  20. Peterson, DW, Peterson DL (1994) Effects of climate on radial growth of subalpine conifers in the North Cascade Mountains. Can J For Res 24:1921–1932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Putz FE, Sharitz RR (1991) Hurricane damage to old-growth forest in Congaree Swamp National Monument, South Carolina, U.S.A. Can J For Res 21:1765–1770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Reams GA, Van Deusen PC (1993) Synchronic large-scale disturbances and red spruce growth decline. Can J For Res 23:1361–1374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rosson JF, McWilliams WH, Frey PD (1988) Forest resources of Louisiana. USDA For Serv Resour Bull, SO-130.Google Scholar
  24. Schmidt H, von Storch H (1993) German bight storms analyzed. Nature 365:791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sheffield RM, Thompson MT (1992) Hurricane Hugo: Effects on South Carolina s Forest Resource. Research Paper SE-284. USDA, For Serv, Southeast For Exper Stat, Asheville, NC.Google Scholar
  26. Sheppard PR, Jacoby GC (1987) Dating earthquakes along the San Andreas fault system in California. In Jacoby GC, Hornbeck JW, (Eds) Proceedings of the international symposium on ecological aspects of tree-ring analysis. US Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA.Google Scholar
  27. Smith AFM, Gelfand AE (1992) Bayesian statistics without tears: A sampling-resampling perspective. Amer Stat 46:84–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stahle DW, Cook ER, White JWC (1985) Tree-ring dating of baldcypress and potential for millennia-long chronologies in the Southeast. Amer Anti 50:796–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stahle DW, Cleaveland MK, Hehr JG (1988) North Carolina climate changes reconstructed from tree rings: A.D. 372 to 1985. Science 240:1517–1519.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stahle DW, Cleaveland MK (1992) Reconstruction and analysis of spring rainfall over the southeastern U.S. for the past 1000 years. Bull Amer Met Soc 73(12): 1947–1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stahle DW, Cleaveland MK (1993) Southern oscillation extremes reconstructed from tree rings of the Sierra Madre Occidental and Southern Great Plains. J Clim 6(1): 129–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Swetnam TW (1993) Fire history and climate change in giant sequoia groves. Science 262:885–889.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service (1965) Silvics of forest trees of the United States. USDA, Agriculture Handbook 271. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  34. Van Deusen PC (1987) Testing for stand dynamics effects on red spruce growth trends. Can J For Res 17:1487–1495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Van Deusen PC (1990) A dynamic program for cross-dating tree rings. Can J For Res 20:200–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wigley TML, Jones PD, Kelly PM (1980) Scenario for a warm, high-CO2 world. Nature 283:17–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wilhite LP, Toliver JR (1990) Taxodium distichum. In Burns RM, Honkala BH, (Eds) Silvics of North America. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 654. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  38. Williston HL, Shropshire FW, Balmer WE (1980) Cypress management: A forgotten opportunity. USDA For Rep SA-FR-8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory A. Reams
  • Paul C. Van Deusen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations