Effects of Temperature and Drought Stress on Physiological Processes Associated With Oak Decline

  • Theodor D. Leininger
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 128)


Oak decline is a term used to describe a sequence of events (decline syndrome) which is typically triggered by an abiotic stress and subsequently involves other biotic and abiotic factors that cause the progressive deterioration and eventual death of a tree. Decline diseases lack a single causal agent, and in that way are different from diseases caused by one pathogen or by a single abiotic injury. Decline and premature death of oaks in the oak-dominated eastern deciduous forests have been documented in at least twenty-six separate reports over the past 140 years (Amrnon et al., 1989).


Stomatal Conductance Transpiration Rate Shade Treatment Decline Disease Average Monthly Maximum Temperature 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

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  • Theodor D. Leininger

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