Summary of Simulated Forest Responses to Climate Change in the Southeastern United States
During the next century, substantial changes are expected to occur involving such environmental variables as temperature, precipitation, cloudiness, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), tropospheric ozone, and atmospheric deposition of nutrients such as sulfur and nitrogen (Melillo et al., 1993; Mitchell et al., 1992). These changes, which are expected to vary temporally and spatially, may have profound effects on forest health, productivity, and distribution. Some of these changes may directly affect the physiology of trees, others may alter the susceptibility of trees to such disturbances as fire and flooding, and others may alter the establishment and competitive balance of forest communities. Thus, environmental changes and stresses have the potential to alter not only the function of forest ecosystems, but also the structure, composition, and distribution of forests.
KeywordsLeaf Area Leaf Area Index None None Tropospheric Ozone Growth Increase
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