Dynamic Responses of Mature Forest Trees to Changes in Physical and Chemical Climate

  • Samuel B. McLaughlin
  • Daryl J. Downing
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 128)


The annual variations in stem growth expressed in a typical tree ring-width series, as well as the distribution and composition of biomass measurable in forest stands, reflect the time-integrated capacity of trees to respond to changes in physical, chemical, and biological environment. The environmental changes along a temporal spectrum range from very rapid shifts in either photosynthetically active radiation or temperature to intermediate scale shifts in air quality or water supply rate, to such slower changes as shifts in competition from adjoining vegetation or changes in soil-nutrient supply. Trees respond to fluctuations in their chemical and physical environments on a temporal scale that can range from seconds to years and on spatial scales that can range from molecular to morphological changes in canopy or root architecture. Understanding the critical dynamics, both in rate and magnitude, of environmental change and biological response is particularly important when evaluating potential responses of such perennial species as forest trees to future levels and fluctuations in climate variables.


Palmer Drought Severity Index Tropospheric Ozone Ozone Level Ozone Exposure Ambient Ozone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel B. McLaughlin
  • Daryl J. Downing

There are no affiliations available

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