Distraction of the Orbit

  • Barry L. Eppley
  • A. Michael Sadove


Congenital anophthalmos/microphthalmos or early enucleation in the infant child removes the stimulation for subsequent development of the surrounding bones of the orbit (1–4). This has adverse growth effects with resultant decrease in all orbital dimensions. In addition, the growth disturbances may be transferred to the development of the zygomaticomaxillary complex and mandible depending on how early the eye is absent from the orbit during development (Figures 15A.1 and 15A.2) (1).


Tissue Expander Orbital Height Orbital Volume Infraorbital Foramen Lateral Orbital Wall 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry L. Eppley
  • A. Michael Sadove

There are no affiliations available

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